पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/२०९

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson'LXV. 193 simple root; thus, T, erafa, ufafgga. 4. Both futures are made from the causative-stem, the auxiliary a replacing the final

thus, yttigrafa, yrtfyatfch. 5. The verbal nouns and

adjectives are in part formed from the causative-stem in the same manner as the futures, in part from the causatively strengthened root-form; thus, pass. part. faa; fut. pass. part. (gerundive) aufgaa, eta; inf. stufya; gerund Hierat, RD, 07-

  1. 21 (§ 310).

508. Causative passive and desiderative. These may be made from the causative-stem as follows. 1. The passive-stem is formed by adding the usual passive sign u to the causatively strengthened root, the syllables ya being omitted; thus, urla. 2. The desider- ative-stem is made by reduplication and addition of the syllables 97, of which the g replaces the final copy of the causative-stem; thus, दिधारयिषति, बिभावयिषति. This is a rare formation. 509. V. Denominative. A denominative conjugation is one that has as basis a noun-stem. In general, the base is made from the noun-stem by means of the conjugation-sign , which has the accent. Intermediate between the denominative and causative con- jugations stands a class of verbs plainly denominative in origin but having the causative accent. Thus, from Ama, Hayâ mantráyate; from ara, andera kārtáyati. See § 76. 510. The denominative meaning is of the greatest variety; e. g. 'be like', 'act as', regard or treat as', 'make into', desire, crave' – that which is signified by the noun-stem. Examples: from 7uF 'penance, asceticism', agefa “practise ascetism ; from JH, Jhefa 'honor'; gautiã "blacken’; Baafa óseek horses'; oftarafa 'play the herdsman, protect ’; quefa' desire wealth’; fzurufa 'play the physician, cure'; at Rifa'desire a son’, from the poss. cpd. TEATA "desiring a son’ nala a Perts, Sanskrit Primer. 13 Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®