पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/२०१

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XLIII. 185 471. Perfect participle. 1. Active. The ending of the pf. part. active is वांस (mid. वत्, w. उष्), which is added to the weak per- fect-stem.* When this is monosyllabic the union-vowel is inserted (but not in the weakest cases, before 39). Tbus, a. from 79, strong stem of part. ईषिवांस्, mid. ईषिवत्, w. ईपुष्; from पच्, पेचिवांस, पेचिव, पेचुष्; from वच्, ऊचिवांस्, ऊचिवत्, ऊचु; from दा, दिवांस, ददिवत् , ददुष्. But, from नी, निनोवांस्, नि- नीदत्, निन्युष्; from स्तु, तुष्टुवांस्, तुष्टुवत्, तुष्टुवुष्; from भिद्, बि- भिडांस, बिभिद्वत, बिभिदुष्. - 6. The root गम् makes as its strong stem of pf. part. जमिवांस or जगन्वांस, mid. जग्मिवत् or जगन्वत्, weakest only जरमुष. Similarly, from हुन्, जघ्विांस् or जघन्वांस्, जम्निवत् or जघन्वत्, जनुष्. - c. iविद्, ‘know', makes fagie etc.; 2fa2, 'find', fafagia etc. 2. Middle. The pf. part. middie is made with the suffix yta, which is added to the weak stem as this appears in the middle voice; thus, बुध, बबधान; धा, दधान; क, चक्राण; नी, निन्यान; तन्, तेनान. । Periphrastic Perfect 472. Most roots beginning with a vowel long by nature or po- sition adopt a periphrastic formation in the perfect tense; the same is also taken by the secondary conjugations, and optionally by a few primary roots not falling in the above category. It is made as follows: 473. To the accusative of a derivative noun-stem in 1, made from the present-stem which is the general basis of each conjugation, are added, for the active, the perfect active forms of क or अस् (or, very rarely, of 24); for the middle, only the perfect middle forms

  • Mechanically, the weakest participle-stem is identical with

the 3rd pl. act. (of course, ५ instead of स्). Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®