पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/२०२

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


186 Lesson XLIII. XLIV. threfa, pf. ETTEATEA or TTigait; of 3*. Thus, from from *, fargen 474. Force of the Perfect. In classical Sanskrit the perfect coincides in meaning with the imperfect, as a tense of narration, but is less often met with. Lesson XLIV. se 475. Verbs. Future-System (aud Conditional). The verb has two futures: I. The simple, or s-future, which is by far the older, and much more common, than the other; and II. the periphrastic future. 476. I. Simple Future. This tense contains an indicative mode and a participle, active and middle. It may be made from all verbs. The tense-sign is the syllable , added to the root either directly, or by the union-vowel (in the latter case becoming o). The root has the guna-strengthening when possible; and some roots witb medial # gunate with t instead of 7. The inflection is precisely like that of the present indicative of a verb of the a-conjugation; thus, from 2, Hfqqfa, oa. 477. When y is not taken, final radical consonants suffer the same changes before er as before Ę in the inflection of the root- class or reduplicating or nasal class. Thus, from E, utafa; 19, tafa; forg, Freifa; TU, Trefa; TA, jefa; faz, Sayfa; fa, ceafa; , zafa. The root ał dwell', makes वत्स्यति. 478. 1. Most roots ending in vowels reject t; thus, T, 27- efa; T, dreifa; fa, gofa; , refa. 2. But all roots in ऋ take : thus, के, करिष्यति; तु, तरिष्यति; and also the roots शी (Tferafa) and (afqura). 3. og makes ustafa. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®