पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१५९

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXXIV. 143 re. ir thus, para endless'; Fue childless'; gg7 'with excellent sons'; straga 'ill - savored'. The associative prefix # (less often HF) is treated like an adjective element; thus, Hell of like form '; uya or HET 'with a son', or “baving one's son along with one'; HTgae ( + aan n.) “favorable'. – 6. Ordinary verbal pre- fixes; thus, M ap of wide fame”; 275 limbless'; facere “powerless'; varje 'with uplifted face'. – 7. Ordinary adverbs; thus, feat with mind directed hitber'. 375. Certain words, very frequent in the compounds mentioned at $ 374, 4, bave in part won a peculiar application. 1. Thus with the beginning' (or the derivatives ty or mfa) are made compounds signifying the person or thing de- signated along with others - such a person or thing et cetera. Thus, alate: the gods baring Indra as first', i. e. "the gods Indra, etc. Often the qualifying noun is omitted; thus, TATTET food, drink, etc.' - 2. Words like a ( a) etc., are used in the same way, to denote accompaniment; chiefly ad- vérbially. – 3. The noun object, “purpose', is used at the end of a compound, oftenest as a neut. subst. (acc. or instr. or loc.), to signify "for the sake of', and the like; thus, FAITE 'for Damayanti's sake'; TITë 'for a bed'. (See below, $ 379). —- 4. 1997 (as neut. sulst.) often means 'other' in possessives; thus, 217717 11., “another region' (lit. “that which has a difference of region'). 376. In appositional possessives, the final member, if it de- siguate a part of the body, sometimes signifies the part to which belongs what is designated by the prior member: that on or in which it is. Thus afuata with necklace on neck'. Such con- pounds are commonest with words meaning band; thus, ofhaifu with sword in band’; 5 with club in hand'. 377. The possessives are not always used with the simple Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®