पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१५८

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


142 Lesson XXXIV. are 1 ar > 2 re man 371. A. Possessive compounds. The possessives are determin- ative compounds to which are given both an adjective inflection (as just shown), and also an adjective meaning of a kind best defined by adding “having' to the meaning of the determinative. Thus, the dependent 2969 n., “beauty of a god’, becomes the possessive Zaeq, , m. f. n., “having che beauty of a god'; the descriptive tearg m., 'long arm', becomes the possessive toate m. f. n, 'having long arms'. * 372. Dependent compounds are, by comparison, not often thus turned into possessives. But possessively used descriptives are extremely frequent and various; and some kinds of combination which are rare in proper descriptives are very common as pos- sessives. 373. An adjective as prior member takes the masculine stem- form, even though referring to a feminine noun in the final member; thus, nagre (from HTT) possessing a beautiful wife'. 374. As prior members are found: 1. Adjectives proper; thus, yare of other form'. — 2. Parti- ciples; thus, gaataan whose mother is slain'. – 3. Numerals; thus, w e ‘four-faced'; faza three-eyed'. – 4. Nouns with quasi - adjectival value; thus, fet ETE ·gold-handed'. Es- pecially common is the use of a noun as prior member to qualify the other appositionally, or by way of equivalence. These may well be called appositional possessives. Thus, aanmaa 'having “Krşựa” as name'; attaa having men who are beroes”; चारचक्षुस् ‘using spies as eyes'; त्वात ‘having thee as mes- senger'. - 5. Adverbial elements (especially inseparable prefixes); US

  • This class of compounds is called by the natives bahuvrihi;

the name is an example of the class, meaning 'having much rice'. - The possessive may generally, in accented texts, be distinguished from the original determinatire by a difference of accent. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®