पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१५७

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXXIIJ. XXXIV. 141 V W3 (antena dent) a beautiful-prince, named Bharata, was born to her (loc.). Lesson XXXIV. 366. III. Secondary Adjective Compounds. A compound with a noun as final member very often wins secondarily the value of an adjective, being inflected in the three genders to agree with the noun which it qualifies, and used in all the constructions of an adjective. The two divisions of this class have been given above ($ 349). prasive (), I . I vil ta idea a trasmes wide 367. Certain changes are sometimes necessary in the stem of the final member to make possible the infection in different genders. Masc. and neut, stems in 1, and fem. in HT, generally interchange; thus, from # + comes the compound EF with excellent hands ’, nom. sing. FEAH, °FIT, OFTA ; so also (from 18+f7gT) fafa&H, °57, 28; and (from 8+ 9 n.) GUCH, IT, CH. The same holds good for masc., fem., and neut. stems in and 3, and stems in consonants. 368. But often a fem. in & is used by the side of a masc. and neut. in 7; thus, fequi two-leaved', f. faguf. 369. Very frequently the suffix 5 (attenuated into an element of indefinite value) is added to a pure possessive compound, to belp the conversion of the compounded stem into an adjective; especially to fem. stems in & and 37, and to stems in ; and in general, where the final of the stem is less usual or manageable in adjective inflection. Thus, बहुनदीक ‘rich in rivers'; मृतभर्तका f., "whose husband is dead', i. e. "widow'; HETEUA (nom. masc. and femi. OUTF) or AETATE. 370. Sometimes the possessive-making suffix 99 is added to secondary adjective compounds, without effect upon the meaning; thus, Tang (= ogre) 'having an ass's voice.' 21 Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®