पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१५३

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXXIII. 137 are rar OL 001 0 ICC NOT of the names of divinities, etc., which retain their earlier forms; thus, द्यावापृथिव्यौ and द्यावाभूमी ‘Heaven and Earth'; मित्रा- वरुणो 'Mitra and Varuna'; अमोघोमी 'Agni and Soma'. 357. Adjective copulative compounds are made likewise, but are rare. Examples are: Yetiaan 'light and dark’; q7 ta'round and plump?;* Etargfag'bathed and anointed'. 358. Determinative compounds. A noun or adjective is often combined into a compound with a preceding determining or qual- ifying word – a noun or adjective or adverb. The two principal divisions of this class are, as indicated above, A. Dependent, and B. Descriptive, compounds. Each class falls into two subdivisions, according as the final member, and therefore the whole compound, is noun or adjective.** 359. A. Dependent compounds. 1. Noun- compounds. The case-relation of the prior to the second member may be of any kind, but is oftenest genitive, and least often accusative. Thus, angre = 7e9 ; Hellaifa hundreds of fools'; - uretaan (= u727 ECO) “water for the feet'; – faataa money (ob- tained) by science'; WHATER (= THAT ATERA) 'likeness with self’; – atraret (= 11T15TH) “fear of a thief'; – atst (= sê #to) 'sport in the water'; – 731779 (= 701 17°) 'going to the city’; angefa lord of speech', n. pr. (8 352, 6.). 360. 2. Dependent adjective compounds. Only a very small proportion of the compounds of this class bave an ordinary adjective as final member; usually the final member is a participle, or a de- rivative of agency with the value of a participle ($ 204). The

  • The Hindus reckon these as karmadhārayas (see next note).
    • The whole class of determinatives is called by the natives

tatpuruşa (the name is a specimen of the class, meaning ‘his man '); the second division, the descriptives, bears the special name karma- dhāraya, a word of obscure meaning and application. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®