पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१५२

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


136 Lesson XXXIII. 353. In all classes of compounds, certain changes of finals are liable to appear in the concluding member; generally they have the effect of transferring the compound as a whole to the a-declension. Thus: 1. A stem in 79 often drops the final a, as in 07, 78, OFTE, OT79. 2. An or is changed to 3), as in H#, "TT7, ogg, oqg. 3. An 7 is added after a final consonant, sometimes even after an u-vowel or a diphthong, as in 75 (160, Ta (OTT). The separate classes of compounds will now be taken up. OM. (Part II.) 354. I. Copulative compounds. Two or more nouns — much less often adjectives, and once or twice adverbs – having a co- ordinate construction, as though joined by and ', are sometimes com- bined into a compound.* 355. The noun-compounds fall, as regards their inflective form, into two classes: A. The compound has the gender and declension of its final member, and is in number a dual or plural, according to its logical value as denoting either two, or more than two, individual things. Examples are: ब्रोहियवी ‘rice and barley'; रामक- घणौ ‘Rama and Krsna'; अजावयः ‘goats and sheep'; ब्राह्मणक्षत्रि- Ja ICT: Brāhmans, Kșatriyas, Vāiçyas and Çūdras '; foargot (§ 352, 6) 'father and son'. B. The compound, without regard to the number denoted or to the gender of its constituents, becomes a neuter singular collective (so-called samāhāra-dvandva). Thus, atfUUTCH 'band and foot'; सर्पनकुलम् ‘snake and ichneumon'; छत्रोपानहम् ($ 353, 3) ‘um- brella and shoe'; EITTFA ($ 353, 2) ‘day and night'. 356. The later language preserves several dual combinations

  • This class is called by the Hindus dvandva, 'couple'; but a

doandva of adjectives they do not recognize. im Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®