पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१५१

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXXIII. 135 a noun syntactically dependent on the first: namely, 1. Participial compounds (only Vedic), of a present participle with its following object; and 2. Prepositional compounds, of a preposition and fol- lowing noun. This whole sub-class B is comparatively small. Examples: वरसेन ‘possessing a hero-army'; प्रजाकाम ‘having desire of progeny”; FAHTE 'excessive'. 350. The adjective compounds are, like simple adjectives, sonic- times used, especially in the neuter, as abstract and collective nouns; and in the accusative as adverbs. Out of these uses have grown apparent classes of compounds, reckoned and named as such by the Hindu grammarians. 351. A compound may, like a simple word, become a member in another compound, and so on indefinitely. The analysis of a compound (except copulatives), of whatever length, must be made by a series of bisections. Thus the dependent compound garan a done in a previous existence', is first divisible into aia and the descriptive 4919, then this into its two elements. 352. Euphonic combination in compounds. The final of a stem is combined with the initial of another stem in composition according to the general rules for external combination. But: 1. Final इस and उस of a prior member become प् and उष् before surd gutturals, dentals, and labials; thus, outfitgia. 2. Final Wh of a prior member often remains uncbanged under similar circumstances. 3. After final 7, 3, #, an initial F often becomes lingual. 4. Pronouns generally take the stem-form of the neuter; for the personal pronouns are oftenest used H3 and in the sing., अस्मद् and युष्मद in the pl. 5. For AFP, in the prior member of descriptive and possess- ive compounds, is used HET. 6. A case-form in the prior member is not very rare. ren Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®