पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१५०

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


134 Lessou XXXIII. inco On an uncompounded state would be connected by and”.* E. g. o ताकतम् ‘done and undone'; देवगन्धर्वमानुषाः ‘gods and Gal- dharvas and men’. The members of such a compound may ohri- ously be of any number, two or more. II. Determinative compounds, of which the former member is syntactically dependent on the latter, as its determining or quali- fying adjunct: being either a noun limiting it in a case-relation, or an adjective or an adverb describing it. Thus may be distin- guished two sub-classes: A. Dependent, and B. Descriptive, com- pounds; their difference is not absolute. Examples are: of dependents, WfHFÊT ‘army of enemies”; uretzat water for the feet'; grigia 'made with hands”; – of descriptives, AETTE'great king'; fuuhe ($353, 2) “dear friend'; g a 'badly done'. 348. The character of compounds of classes I. and II., as parts of speech, is determined by their final member, and they are capable of being resolved into equivalent phrases by giving the proper independent form and formal means of connection to each member. But this is not true of the third class, which accordingly is more fundamentally distinct from them than they from each other. 349. III. Secondary Adjective compounds, the value of which is not given by a simple resolution into their component parts, but which, though having as final member a noun, are themselves ad- jectives. These again are of two sub-classes : A. Possessive com- pounds, which are noun-compounds of the preceding class (II. A. or B.), with the idea of 'haring' added, turning them from nouns into adjectives; and B. compounds in which the second member is NO е 2 TUO 10 W memi

  • This class of compounds is of comparatively recent devel-

opment; only the other two are common in others of the related tongues. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®