पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१४९

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति

Lesson XXXU. XXXIII. 133 ry m2 12. Of the three wives of Daçaratha, Kāusalyā was older and more honored (Fe, comp ) than Kāikeyi and Sumitrā. 13. In winter the nights are very long. 14. Not very inany (express as pred.) such jewels are found on earth. 15. Among those kings of the North Prthvīrāja was the mightiest. 16. The poems of Kālidāsa are sweeter than the works of Bāņa. 17. Anāthapiņdika was the richest among all the merchants in Rājagpha. 18. Iron is lighter than gold, but heavier than wood. 19. In running the horse is the swiftest of quadrupeds. 20. Çakuntalā was more beautiful than all other women of that time, and became the wife of the mightiest monarch (9 ) of the whole earth. 21. The crow is called the shrewdest of birds. 201 WVON O 0 Lesson XXXIII. (Part I.) 346. Compounds. In all periods of the language the combination of stems of declension with one another, forming compounds which are treated in accent, inflection and construction as if simple words, is one of the most striking peculiarities of the Sanskrit tongue. In the Vedic period compounds of more than two elements are rare. In the later language this moderation is abandoned; and the later the period, and especially the more elaborate the style of composition, the more unwieldy and difficult do the compounds become. To such an extent is this carried that the advantages of an inflective language are often deliberately thrown away, and a clumsy aggregation of elements replaces the due syntactical union of inflected words into sentences. 347. Sanskrit compounds fall into three principal classes : I. Copulative or Aggregative compounds, of which the members are syntactically coordinate: a joining together of words which in Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®