पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१३९

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXX. 123 Can or power’; thus, gafasi Tantra " he is able to tell”; Thefa QATT: “ the prince ought to hear it”. is often thus used with the infinitive to express a respectful request or entreaty, as in the last example. The infinitive is also often found with verbs of notion, and with those meaning desire', 'hope', 'notice', 'know?, and the like. 321. But often the infinitive bas a case-value not accusative. Thus, a dative value: Hafa HAH “ there is food to eat” i. e. “ for eating”; a genitive value: FAYT HA “capable of going”. Even a construction as nominative is not unknown. 322. In certain connections the infinitive has a quasi-passive force. Thus, कर्तुमारब्धः “begun to be made'; श्रोतुं न युज्यते ६it is not fit to be beard.” This is especially frequent along with the passive forms of Tap; thus, Já a matra “he cannot abandon ”, but त्यतुं न शक्यते he cannot be abandoned; नरौ शक्याविहानेतुम 6 the two men can be brought hither." 323. Future Passive Participle, or Gerundive. Certain derivá ative adjectives, mostly secondary, have acquired a value quite like that of the Latin gerundive; thus, atei (from a) “to be done', fuciendus. They may be made from every verb. The ordinary suffixes are three: य, तव्य, and अनीय. 324. A. Suffix 9.* a. Before this suffix final radical IT be- comes D; thus, from 1,29; , 21. 6. Other final vowels some- times remain unchanged, sometimes have the guna or even the vrddhi-strengthening; and Ų often, and always, are treated before य as before a vowel; thus, from जि, जेय and जय्य; from भी, भैय and भय्य; from j, श्रव्य and श्राव्य; from क, कार्य; from धू, धूय; frona H, HT2. — c. In a few instances, a short rowel adds a before the suffix; thus, TI(C), 7 (), a (a). d. Medial y remains

  • The original value of this suffix is ia. Hence the conversion

of ए to अय् and of ओ to अव before it. e GO Univ. Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®