believed to have lived in the 18th century A. D; writer also of a grammatical work Śiṣyahitāvṛtti or Śiṣyahitānyāsa, which was sent to kāshmir and made popular with a large sum of money spent upon it, by his pupil Ānanadpāla.
उङ् a technical term for उपधा, the penultimate letter in the Jai- nendra Vyākaraṇa; cf. इदुदुङः Jain. V. 4.28.
उच्च the higher tone also called उदात्त or acute; cf. नीचमुच्चात् R. T. 55, also एते स्वराः प्रकम्पन्ते यत्रोच्चस्वरितोदयाः R. Pr. III.19; cf. also the terms उच्चश्रुति R. T. 61, एकोच्च R.T. 62, अाद्युच्च, अन्तेाच्चक. etc.
उच्चैः उच्च or acute; see उच्च above; cf. उच्चैस्तरां वा वषट्कारः P. 1.2.35.
उच्चरित pronounced or uttered; the phrase उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनः is used in connection with the mute indica- tory letters termed इत् in Pāṇini's grammar, as these letters are not actually found in use in the lan- guage and are therefore supposed to vanish immediately after their pur- pose has been served. The phrase 'उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनोSनुबन्धा:' has been given as a Paribhāṣā by Vyāḍi (Pari.11), in the Cāndra Vyāka- raṇa ( Par. 14), in the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa (Pari.54) and also in the Kalāpa Vyākaraṇa ( Par. 71). Patañjali has used the ex- pression उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनः in connec- tion with ordinary letters of a word, which have existence for a moment and which also vanish immediately after they have been uttered; cf. उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिनः खल्वपि वर्णा: ...न वर्णो वर्णस्य सहायः M. Bh. on I.4. 109.
उच्चरितप्रध्वंसिन् vanishing immediate- ly after utterance. See उच्चरित.
उच्चारण pronunciation, enunciation (in the Śāstra). The phrase उच्चारण- सामर्थ्यात् is often found used in the Mahābhāṣya and else- where in connection with the words of Pāṇini, everyone of which is believed to , have a purpose or use in the Śāstra, which pur- pose, if not clearly manifest, is assigned to it on the strength (सामर्थ्य) of its utterance; cf. उच्चारणसामर्थ्यादत्र ( हिन्येाः ) उत्वं न भविष्यति M.Bh. on III.4.89 V.2; cf. also M.Bh. on IV.4.59, VI.4.163, VII.1.12,50, VII.2.84, In a few cases, a letter is found used by Pāṇini which cannot be assigned any purpose but which has been put there for faci- lity of the use of other letters. Such letters are said to be उच्चारणार्थ; cf. जग्धि: । इकार उच्चारणार्थ:। नानुबन्धः । Kāś. on II.4.36.च्लि लुडि. । इकार उच्चार- णार्थ:; चकारः स्वरार्थः । Kāś, on III.1. 43. The expressions मुखसुखार्थः and श्रवणार्थः in the Mahābhāṣya mean the same as उच्चारणार्थः.
उच्चावच diverse; cf. उच्चावचेष्वर्थेषु भवन्ति निपाताः Nir. I.3.4.
उच्चैस्तरां specially accented; उदात्ततरः cf. उच्चैस्तरां वा वषट्कारः P. I.2.35.
उज्ज्वलदत्त the famous commentator on the Uṅādi sūtras. His work .is called Uṅādisūtravṛtti, which is a scholarly commentary on the Uṅādisūtrapāṭha, consisting of five Pādas. Ujjvaldatta is belived to have lived in the l5th century A.D. He quotes Vṛttinyāsa, Anu- nyāsa, Bhāgavṛtti etc. He is also known by the name Jājali.
उञ् ( l ) short term ( प्रत्याहार ) for vowels excepting अ and इ, semi- vowels, nasal consonants and the consonants ह् झ् and भ्.; cf भय उञो वो वा P. VIII.3.33; (2) the par-