4.110; (4) kṛt. affix उ added to bases ending in सन् and the roots आशंस्, भिक्ष्, विद्, इष् as also to bases ending in क्यच् in the Vedic Litera- ture,e.g. चिकीर्षुः भिक्षुः, बिन्दुः,इच्छुः,सुम्नयु; cf. P. III. 2.168-170; (5) Uṅādi affix उ ( उण् ) e.g, कारुः, वायुः, साधुः, etc.; cf. Uṅādi I.1; (6) mute vowel उ added to the first letters of a class of consonants in Pāṇini's grammar to show the whole class of the five letters; e.g. कु, चु, टु, तु, पु which stand for the Guttural, the palatal the lingual, the dental and the labial classes respectively; cf. also ष्टुना ष्टुः P.VIII.4.41(7) उ added to न् showing the consonant न् as nasalized n; cf, नुः V.Pr. III.133.
उक् short term (प्रत्याहार) for the vowels उ, ऋ and लृ; e.g. उगिदचां सर्वनामस्थानेऽ धातोः P.VII.1.80, also शल्युक्; किति P VII.2.11, इसुसुक्तान्तान् क्तः P.VII.3, 51.
उक (1) the kṛt. affix उकञ् applied to the roots लब्, पत्, पद् and others,e.g. लाषुकः, कामुकः etc. with udātta accent on the first syllable; cf.P.III.2.154; (2) tad.affix उक ( उकञ् ) added to the word कर्मन् e.g. कार्मुकं धनुः; cf. Kāś, on P.V.I.103.
उकञ् the same as उक. See उक.
उक्त prescribed, taught, lit, said (al- ready). उक्तं वा is a familiar expres- sion in the Mahābhāṣya and the Vārttikas referring usually to something already expressed.Some- times this expression in the Ma- hābhāṣya, referring to something which is not already expressed, but which could be found sub- sequently expressed, leads to the conclusion that the Mahābhā- ṣyakāra had something like a 'Laghubhāṣya' before him at the time of teaching the Mahābhāṣya. See Kielhorn's Kātyāyana and
Patañjali, also Mahābhāṣya D.E. S.Ed. Vol. VII, pages 71, 72.
उक्तपुंस्क a word with its meaning (in the neuter gender) unchanged when used in the masculine gender; generally an adjectival word; cf, Cāndra Vyāk. I.4.30.
उक्तार्थ a word or expression whose sense has been already expressed. The expression उक्तार्थानामप्रयोगः is frequently used in the Mahā- bhāṣya and the Vārttikas and cited as a Paribhāṣā or a salutary con- ventional maxim against repetition of words in the Paribhāṣāpāṭhas of Vyādi (Par. 51), Candragomin (Par 28) and Kātantra (Par. 46) and Kālāpa (Par. 46) grammars.
उक्ताप्रयोग see उक्तार्थ.
उक्तिपद, उक्तिपदानि a short anonymous treatise on case-relations, com- pounds etc. written mostly in Gujarati.
उक्तिरत्नाकर' a short grammar work, written by साधुसुन्दर, explaining declension, cases and their mean- ings, compounds, etc. and giving a list of Prākṛta words with their Sanskrit equivalents.
उक्थादि a class of words headed by the word उक्थ to which the taddhita affix इक (ठक् ) is applied in the sense of 'one who studies and understands'; cf. उक्थमधीते वेद वा औक्थिकः, similarly लौकायतिकः Kāś. on P.IV.2.60.
उख्य a writer on Vedic phonetics and euphony quoted in the Tait- tirīya Prātiśākhya; cf. उख्यस्य सपूर्वः Tai. Pra. VIII. 22.
उगित characterized by the mute indicatory letter उ, ऋ or लृ; see उक्.
उग्रभूति or उग्राचार्य writer of a gloss on the Nirukta, called Niruktabhāṣya