ईत् long vowel ई as different from इ or ई३ prescribed as a substitute; cf. P.VI.3.27, VI.3.97.
ईदित् (a root) possessed of long ई as a mute indicatory ending meant for prohibiting the addition of the augment इ to the past part. ter- minations त and तवत् ; e.g. लग्नः, दीप्तः etc.; cf. P VII.2.14.
ईप्सित a desired object, which, in con- nection with transitive roots, gets the designation कर्म,when the agent has a keen desire for it; cf. कर्तुरी- प्सिततमं कर्म P.I.4.49.
ईमसच् tad. affix ईमस added to the word मल in sense of possession: e. g. मलीमसः, cf. P. V. 2.114.
ईय substitute for the tad.afix छ; e.g: शालीयः, मालीयः etc; cf P. VII. 1.2 and IV. 2. 114.
ईयङ्' afix ईय added to the root ऋत्, ङ् showing the application of the Ātmanepada affixes; e. g. ऋतीयते cf. P. III.1.29
ईयस् tad-affix ईयसुन् , showing superi- ority or excellence of one indivi- dual over another in respect of a quality, added to a substantive ex- presive of quality; when the subst- antive ends in the affix तृ, that affix तृ is removed: e.g. पटीयान्, लघीयान्, गरीयान्, दोहीयसी (धेनुः) cf.P.V.3.57-64.
ईयसुन् the same as ईयस् which see above.
ईरच् tad-affix added to the word अण्ड in the sense of possession: e.g. अण्रडीरः;cf. काण्डाण्डादीरन्नीरचौ P.V.2.111.
ईश् substitute ई for इदम् before the tad-affixes दृक्, दृश् and वतु; e.g. ईदृक् ईदृशः also ईदृक्षः; cf. P.VI.3.90.
ईश्वरकान्त author of 'Dhātumāla', a short metrical treatise on roots.
ईश्वरानन्द author of (l) a gloss on Kaiyaṭa's Mahābhāṣya-pradīpa,
and (2)an independent treatise Śāb- dabodhataraṅgiṇī. He is believed to have been a pupil of सत्यानन्द and iived in the latter part of the 16th century A.D.
ईषच्छ्वास an external effort ( बाह्य-प्रयत्न) in the production of sound charac- torized by the emission of breath, when the cavity made by the cords of the throat is kept wide apart, as found in the utterance of the consonants श्, ष् and स.
ईषत्स्पृष्ट an external effort ( बाह्यप्रयत्न) in the production of sound charac- torized by only a slight contact of the cords of the throat, made in the utteranee ofsemi-vowels cf. ईषत्स्पृष्ट- मन्तःस्थानाम् S.K. on P.I.1.9.
ईषदसमाप्ति stage of the quality of a thing or of an undertaking which is almost complete,to show which,the tad-affixes कल्प, देश्य and देशीय are applied to a word:e.g. पटुकल्पः,पटुदेश्यः; पटुदेशीयः, पचतिकल्पम्, जल्पतिकल्पम्, cf. P, V.3.67.
ईषन्नाद an external effort characteri- zed by slight resonance or sound- ing of throat cords when they slightly touch one another.
ईहा effort made for the production of sound; cf. अापद्यते श्वासतां नादतां वा वक्त्रीहायां उभयं वान्तरौभौ । ईहायाम् चेष्टायाम R.Pr.XIII.1.
उ (l) labial vowel standing for the long ऊ and protracted ऊ3 in Pāṇini's grammar unless the consonant त् is affixed to it, उत् standing for the short उ only: (2) Vikaraṇa affix उ of the 8th conjugation ( तनादिगण ) and the roots धिन्व् and कृण्व्;cf.P.III. 1.79-80; (3) substitute (उ) for the vowel अ of कृ,e.g. कुरुतः, कृर्वन्ति before weak Sārvadhātuka affixes, cf.P.VI