पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/८४

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पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


इष्ठन्
ईद्
68

are applied without any specific sense of themselves, the affixes showing the sense of the base itself ( स्वार्थे ); e. g गुरुतमः, गरिष्ठः; पटुतमः, पठिष्ठः; पचतितमाम्, कर्तृतमः, करिष्ठः etc.; cf. P.V.3.55-64 The affixes ईयस् and इष्ठ are applied only to such subst- antives which denote quality; cf. P.V.3.58.

इष्ठन् the same as इष्ठ. See इष्ठ.

इष्ठवद्भाव possession of the same pro- perties for causing grammatical operations as the tad. affix इष्ठन् possesses, as for instance, the elision of the syllable beginning with the last vowel ( टिलोप ), substitution of the masc. base for the fem. base (पुंवद्भाव) etc., before the denom affix णिच्; e.g. एतयति in the sense of एनीं आचष्टे; similarly प्रथयति, पटयति, दवयति, cf. M.Bh. on. P.VI.4. 155 Vārt, 1.

इष्णु kṛt affix इष्णुच् applied,in the sense of 'possessed of habitual behavi- our action, or splendid accomp- lishment,' to the roots अलंकृ, निराकृ, प्रजन् , उत्पत् etc. e.g अलंकरिष्णुः,उत्पतिष्णुः, सहिष्णुः,चरिष्णुः etc.;cf.P.III.2.136-138.

इष्यै kṛt affix in Vedic Literature in the sense of the infinitive, e. g. रेहिष्यै, अव्यथिष्यै; cf P.III.4.10.

इस् ( l ) substitute इस् for the vowel of the roots, मी, मा, दा, धा, रभ्, पत् etc. before the desiderative affix सन्; e.g. मित्सति, दित्सति, अारिप्सते etc. cf.P. VII.4.54; (2) uṅādi affix इस् e.g. सर्पिस्.

इस्नुच् alternative affix mentioned in the Mahābhāṣya in the place of इष्णुच्; cf M. Bh.on III. 2.57. See इष्णुच् .

the long vowel ई which is techni- cally included in the vowel

इ in Pāṇini's alphabet being the long tone of that vowel; (2) substitute ई for the vowel अा of the roots घ्रा and ध्मा before the frequentative sign यङ् as for ex- ample in जेघ्रीयते, देध्मीयते, cf. P.VII. 4.31; (3) substitute ई for the vowel अ before the affixes च्वि and क्यच् as, for instance, in शुक्लीभवति, पुत्रीयति etc.; cf.P.VII.4.32, 33; (4) substitute ई for the vowel अा at the end of reduplicated bases as also for the vowel आ of bases ending in the conjugational sign ना, e.g. मिमीध्वे, लुनीतः etc.; cf P.VI. 4.113; (5) substitute ई for the loc. case affix इ ( ङि ) in Vedic Literature, e.g. सरसी for सरसि in दृतिं न शुश्कं सरसी शयानम्,: cf. Kāś. on P. VII.1.39: (6) tad. affix ई in the sense of possession in Vedic Litera- ture as for instance in रथीः,सुमङ्गलीः, cf. Kāś on. P.V.2.109: (7) the fem. affix ई ( ङीप् , ङीञ् or ङीन् ); cf. P.IV.1.58, 15-39, IV.1.40-65, IV.1.13.

ईक tad. affix ईकक added to शक्ति and यष्टि e.g. शाक्तकिः fem. शाक्तीकी; याष्टीकः; cf. P.IV.4.59; (2) tad. affix ईक added to कर्क and लोहित in the sense of comparison, e. g. कार्कीकः, लौहितीकः ( स्फटिकः ), cf. Kāś. on P.V. 3.110; (3) tad. affix ईकक् added to बहिस्, e.g. बाहीकः cf. बहिषष्टिलोपो यश्च, ईकक्च P.IV.1.85. Vārt. 4-5; (4) tad affix इकङ् in Vedic Literature added to बहिस् e.g. बाहीकः cf. Kāś.on P. IV. 1.85,Vārt.6; (5) tad. affix ईकन् added to खारी e.g. द्विखारिकम्; cf. P. V. 1.33.

ईट् augment ई prefixed to a Sārvad- hātuka (strong) affix beginning with a consonant after the roots ब्रू, रु, स्तु, and others e.g. अब्रवीत्, रोरवीति, स्तवीति, अकार्षीत्, अवादीत् etc.; cf. P. VII. 3.93-98.