आशुबोध (1) name of a work on grammar written by Tārānātha called Tarka-vācaspatī, a reput- ed Sanskrit scholar of Bengal of the 19th century A.D. who compiled the great Sanskrit Dictionary named वाचस्पत्यकेाश and wrote commentaries on many Sanskrit Shastraic and classical works. The grammar called अाशुबोध is very useful for beginners; (2) name of an elementary grammar in aphorisms written by रामकिंकर- सरस्वती, which is based on the Mugdhabodha of Bopadeva.
आश्रय (1) relation of dependence; cf. अाश्रयात्सिद्धत्वं भविष्यति M. Bh. I.1.12 Vārt. 4; (2) substratum, place of residence; cf. गुणवचनानां शब्दानामाश्रयतो लिङ्गवचनानि भवन्ति । शुद्धं वस्त्रम् । शुक्ला शाटी । शुक्लः कम्बलः । M. Bh. II.2.29.
आश्वलायनप्रातिशाख्य an authoritative Prātiśākhya work attributed to Śaunaka the teacher of Āśvalāyana, belonging prominently to the Sak- ala and the Bāṣkala Śakhās of the Ṛgveda. it is widely known by the name Ṛk-Prātiśākhya. It is a metrical composition divided into . 18 chapters called Paṭalas, giving special directions for the proper pronunciation, recitation and pre- servation of the Ṛksaṁhita by lay- ing down general rules on accents and euphonic combinations and mentioning phonetic and metrical peculiarities. It has got a masterly commentary written by Uvvaṭa.
आसन्न nearest, most proximate: cf. विकारी यथासन्नम् V.Pr.I.142: cf. also the sūtra आसन्नः Śāk.I.1.7, explain- ed as स्थानगुणप्रमाणादिभिर्यथास्वमासन्नः cf. also अासन्नः Hem. VII.4.120.
अासत्ति close proximity of a word with another; cf. णौ इत्यस्य आसत्तिवशात्
कृतं एव संबन्धः । Pari. Bhaskar Pari. 97.
अास्तारपङ्कति a variety of पङ्कक्ति metre of 40 letters with 8 letters in the first and second quarters or pādas and 12 letters in the third and fourth quarters cf. अास्तारपङ्कक्तिरा- दितः R.Pr.XVI.40. For instances of आस्तारपङ्क्ति see Ṛgveda sūkta 2l, Mandala X.
अास्थापित (l) placed after, following, which follow: cf. आस्थथितानामनन्तरो- व्रतानाम् Uvvaṭa on R. Pr. IV.1. (2) properly placed at the end e.g. सिष्यद् इति सिष्यदे.
आस्य (1) place of articulation, the mouth, cf. अत्यन्त्यनेन वर्णान् इति अास्यम् M. Bh. on I.1.9; (2) found in the place of articulation; e g. the effort made for the utter- ance of words cf.आस्ये भवमास्यम् M. Bh. on I.1.9, also स्पृष्टादिप्रयत्नपञ्चक- मास्यम् Laghuvṛtti on Śāk. I.1.6.
आस्वदीय a sub-division of the चुरादि (Xth conj.) roots, beginning with the root ग्रस् and ending with the root स्वद्, which take the Vikaraṇa णिच् i.e. which are conjugated like roots of the tenth conjugation, only if they are transitive in sense.
अाहञ् tad-affix (आह) in the general Śaiṣika senses, e.g. belonging to, produced in, etc., added to the word उत्तर, e.g. औत्तराह cf. उत्तरादाहञ् वक्तव्यः।; M.Bh. on IV.2.104.
आहि tad-affix added to the word दक्षिण in the general sense of direc- tion but when distance is specially meant; e.g. दक्षिणाहि वसति, दक्षिणाहि रमणीयम्. See Kāś. on आहि च दूरे P. V.3.37.
अहिक name of Pāṇini. cf.पााणनिश्चाहिको दाक्षीपुत्रः.
आहिताग्न्यादि a class of compound words headed by the word आहिताग्नि