पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/७८

विकिस्रोतः तः
Jump to navigation Jump to search
पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


इङ्ग्य
62

in which the past pass. part. is optionally placed first. e.g.आहिताग्निः अग्नयाहितः; जातपुत्रः पुत्रजातः The class आहिताम्न्यादि is stated to be आकृतिगण, cf. Kāś.on P.II.2.37.

(1) the vowel इ, representing all its eighteen forms viz. short, long protracted, acute, grave, circum- flex, pure and nasalised; e.g. इ in यस्येति च P.VI.4.128;(2) Uṅādi affix ई(3)tad-affix इच्(इ)applied to Bahu- vrihi compounds in the sense of ex- change of action or as seen in words like द्विदण्डि e.g. केशाकेशि, दण्डादण्डि, द्विमुसलि etc. cf. इच् कर्मव्यतिहारे P.V.4. 127,also V.4.128; (4) kṛt. affix कि (इ) cf. उपसर्गे घोः किः P.III.3.92; (5) augment इट् (इ); see इट् (6) con- jugational affix इट् of the 1st pers. sing. Ātm.

इक् (1) short wording (प्रत्याहार) for the vowels इ, उ, ऋ and लृ; cf. इको यणचि P.VI.1.77; एच इग्घ्रस्वादेशे P.I.1.48; इको गुणवृद्धी P.I.1.3 इग्यणः संप्रसारणम् P. I.1.45, इकोऽसवर्णे शाकल्यस्य ह्रस्वश्च P.VI. 1.127, इको ह्रस्वोऽङ्यो गालवस्य P.VI.3. 61; (2) kṛt. affix इक्(इ) applied to the root form to cite a root e. g. वदि, जनि etc. cf. इक्श्तिपौ धातुनिर्देशे P. III.3.108 Vārt. 2; (3) kṛt. affix इक् applied to the roots कृञ् and others in the sense of verbal activity e.g. कृषिः, किरिः, गिरिः cf. इक् कृष्यादिभ्यः P.III.3.108 Vārt.8.

इक्परिभाषा the Paribhāṣa rule इको गुणवृद्धी P.I.1.3; cf. गुणश्रुत्या इक्परिभाषो- पस्थानात् इक एव स्थाने गुणे यथा स्यात् Sīra- deva. Pari.93.

इक (1) substitute for the affix ठ given as ठक्, ठञ् or ञिठ् by Pāṇini; cf. ठस्येकः P.VII.3.50; (2) taddhita affix इकक्, इकन् षिकन् mentioned in . the Vārtikas on P.IV.2.60; (3) kṛt.

affix इक applied to खन् e.g. आखानिकः cf. इको वक्तव्यः P.III.3.125 Vārt. 3.

इकक् the same affix as ठक् mention- ed by the वार्तिककार in the Vārtikas on P.IV.2.60.

इकन् tad. affix इक applied to com- pound words with पद as the latter member e.g. पूर्वपदिक cf. इकन्पदोत्तर- पदात् P.IV.2.60 Vārt.

इकबक kṛt. affix applied to खन् e.g. अाखनिकबकः cf इकबको वक्तव्यः P. III. 3.125 Vārt. 4.

इकार the letter इ with all its 18 varieties (इ +कार).

इक्पदोपस्थिति the presence of the word इक् (vowels इ, उ, ऋ and लृ) in a rule, where the operations गुण and वृद्धि are prescribed by putting the words गुण and वृद्धि; e.g. सिचि वृद्धिः परस्मैपदेषु P.VII.2.1; cf. इको गुणवृद्वी P.I.1.3.

इग्लक्षणवृद्धि the substitution of the vowel called वृद्वि i.e. the vowel आ, ए or औ prescribed specifically for the vowels called इक् i.e. इ, उ, ऋ and लृ, e.g. तस्मादिग्लक्षणा वृद्विः P.1.1.3. Vārt. 11; cf.also इग्लक्षणवृद्धिप्रतिषेधस्तावत् Sīradeva Pari. 2.

इङ्ग the same as इङ्ग्य. See below. The word इङ्ग is used for इङ्ग्य in the Atharva Prātiśākhya cf. नीहारााददिष्वनि- ङगेयूत्तरपदे दीर्घं इघ्नेषु च A.Pr. III. 3.12.

इङ्ग्य a separable word as opposed to अनिङ्ग्य; part of a compound word which is separated or may be separated from the remaining part when the word is split up into its constituent parts. Generally the word is applied to the first part of a compound word when it is split up in the recital of the padapāṭha. The 'iṅgya' word is shown by a pause or avagraha after it which is shown in writing by the sign (ऽ): cf. इङ्गयेत विभागेन चाल्यते इति इङ्गयम् । इङ्गयमिति विभागपदस्य संशा com. on Tait.