marked with the mute letter श् cf. तिङ्शित् सार्वधातुकम् । आर्धधातुकं शेषः। P.III.4.113 and 114. The personal endings of verbs in the perfect tense and the benedic- tive mood are termed ārdhadhā- tuka, cf. P. III. 4.115, 116; while both the terms are promiscuously found utilised in the Vedic Litera- ture; cf. P. III. 4. 117. The main utility of the ārdhadhātuka term is the augment इ ( इट् ) to be prefixed to the ārdhadhātuka affixes. The term आर्धधातुका was in use in works of the old Vaiyā- karaṇas; cf. अथवा आर्धधातुकासु इति वक्ष्यामि कासु आर्धधातुकासु । उक्तिषु युक्तिषु रूढिषु प्रतीतिषु श्रुतिषु संज्ञासु M.Bh. on II. 4.35. It cannot be said how the term ārdhadhātuka originat- ed. Probably such affixes or pra- tyayas, like the kṛt affixes gene- rally, as could be placed after cer- tain roots only were called ārdha- dhātuka, as contrasted with the verbal and the present participle affixes which were termed sārva- dhātuka on account of their being found in use after every root.
आर्धधातुका old term for आर्धधातुक; see आर्धधातुक.
आर्धधातुकाधिकार the topic or section in Pāṇini's grammar where ope- rations, caused by the presence of an ārdhadhātuka affix ahead, are enumerated, beginning with the rule आर्धधातुके VI.4.46 and ending with न ल्यपि VI.4.69, Such opera- tions are summed up in the stanza अतो लोपो चलोपश्च णिलोपश्च प्रयोजनम् । आल्लोप इत्वमेत्वं च चिण्वद्भावश्च सीयुटि; M. Bh. as also Kāś, on VI.4.46.
आर्ष derived from the holy sages; founded on sacred tradition, such as the Vedāṅgas;cf. कृत्स्नं च वेदाड्गमनि-
न्द्यमार्षम् R. Prāt. XIV 30. The word is explained as स्वयंपाठ by the com. on Vāj Prāt. IX.2I, and as Vaidika saṁdhi on X.l3. Patañjali has looked upon the pada-pāṭha or Pada-text of the Saṁhitās of the Vedas, as anārṣa, as contrasted with the Saṁhitā text which is ārṣa; cf. आर्ष्याम् in the sense संहितायाम् R. Prāt. II.27; cf. also पदकारैर्नाम लक्षणमनुवर्त्यम् M.Bh. on III.1.109.
आर्हीय tad-affixes ठक्, ठञ् etc. as also the senses in which the affixes are applied, given in the section of Pāṇinis grammar P.V.1.19-71.
आल् case affix in Vedic literature e.g. वनन्ता यजेत Kāś. on VII.1.39.
आलच् tad-affix (आल्) applied to the word वाच् in the sense of 'talkative' e.g. वाचालः; cf. P.V.2.124.
अालु tad. affix in the sense 'तन्न xxयते' e.g. शीतालुः, उष्णालुः P.V.2.122.
आलुच् kṛt. affix (आलु) applied to the roots स्पृह् गृह् पत् etc. e.g. स्पृहयालुः. गृहयालुः, निद्रालुः etc. cf. P.III.2.158.
अावचन incomplete pronunciation, cf. ईषद् वचनम् M.Bh. on I.1.8.
आवत् tad-affix applied to the word सम, cf. समाxद् वसति M. Bh. on V.4.30.
आवश्यक necessary notion or thing; cf ओरावश्यके । आवश्यंभाव आवश्यकम् Kāś. on III.1.125, III.3.170.
आविष्टालिङ्ग having a fixed gen- der as opposed to अनाविष्टलिङ्ग- possessed of all genders; cf. अविश्- लिङ्गा जातिः । यल्लिङ्गमुपादाय प्रवर्तते न तल्लिङ्गे जहाति M. Bh. on I.2.52 e.g. the word प्रमाण in प्रमाणं वेदाः.
अावृत्ति repetition, e.g. पदावृत्तिः; see com. on Vāj. Prāt. IV.21; cf. also आवृत्तितः सप्तदशत्वं भवति M. Bh. I.1. Āhn. 2.
आशिस् the benedictive mood, cf. किदाशिषि P.III.4.104, called regularly as आशीर्लिङ्.