coalescence of any of the vowels इ, उ, ऋ and लृ with any dissimilar vowel following it. See शाकल.
शाकल्य name of an ancient gra- mmarian and Vedic scholar who is supposed to have revised the Vedic texts and written their Pada-pātha. He is often quoted by Pāṇini and the writers of the Prātiśākhya works; cf. शाकल्यस्य संहि- तामनुप्रावर्षत् M. Bh. on P.I.4.84; also on P.I.1.18, IV.1.18; cf. also उपचारं लक्षणतश्च सिद्धं अाचार्या व्यालिशाक- ल्यगार्ग्याः R.Pr.XIII.12.
शाकिन tad. affix (originally a word formed from शाकी by affixing न as given in M. Bh. on P.V.2.100), applied to the word इक्षु in the sense of a field producing it; e. g. इक्षुशाकिनम्.; cf. भवने क्षेत्रे इक्ष्वादिभ्यः शाकटशाकिनौ Kas. on P. V. 2.29.
शाखादि a class of words headed by the word शाखा which have the taddhita affix य added to them in the sense of इव i.e. similarity; e.g. शाख्यः, मुख्यः, जघन्यः etc.; cf. Kas. on P. V.3.103.
शानच् (1) krt affix (अान) substituted for the Atmanepada लट् affixes, to which म् is prefixed if the base before the affix ends in अ; e. g. एधमान, विद्यमान, etc; cf P. III. 2. 124, 125, 126; (2) Vikarana affix ( अान ) substituted for श्ना before the personal ending हि of the impe- rative second person singular, if the preceding root ends in a con- sonant; e. g. पुषाण, मुषाण, cf. P. III. 1. 83.
शानान् krt affix (आन) substituted for the Atmampada affixes instead of शानच्, prescribed after the roots पू and यज्; the application of शानन् for शानच् is for the acute accent on the initial vowel of the root; e.g. पवमानः with the acute accent on the initial 46
vowel as contrasted with विद्यमानः with the acute accent on the last vowel; cf. P. III. 2.128.
शान्तनव an ancient scholar of gra- mmar who wrote a treatise known as the Phit sutras on accents.
शाब्दबोध verbal interpretation; the term is generally used with refe- rence to the verbal interpretation of a sentence as arising from that of the words which are all conne- cted directly or indirectly with the verb-activity. It is defined as पदजन्यपदार्थोपस्थितिजन्यबोधः. According to the grammarians, verbal activity is the chief thing in a sentence and all the other words (excepting the one which expresses verbal activity) are subordinated to the verbal activity and hence are connected with it; cf. पदज्ञानं तु करणं द्वारे तत्र पदार्थधीः । शाब्दबोधः फलं तत्र शक्तिधीः सहकारिणी । मुक्तावली III.81.
शाब्दबोधतरङ्गिणी a treatise on the theory of verbal import written by ईश्वरानन्द.
शाब्दबोधप्रकाशिका a treatise on the theory of शब्दबोघ written by रामकि- शोरचक्रवर्तिन्.
शाब्दबोधवाद theory of verbal import or congnition; the theories to be noted in this respect are those of the Grammarians, the Naiyayikas and the Mimamsakas, according to whom verb-activity, agent, and injunction stand respectively as the principal factors in a sentence.
शायच् Vikarana affix ( आय) substitut- ed for the Vikarana श्ना in Vedic Literature; e. g, गृभाय जिह्वया मधु; cf. Kas. on P. III I. 84.
शार्ङ्गरवादि a class of words headed by the word शार्ङ्गरव which take the feminine affix ई (ङीन्) making the initial vowel of the word (to which ई of the feminine is added) an