पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/३७८

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पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


शालच्
शिक्षा
362

acute-accented one; e.g. शार्ङ्गरवी;cf. शार्ङ्गरवाद्यञो ङीन् P. IV. 1.73.

शालच् tad. affix शाल applied to the prefix वि in the sense of the base itself (स्वार्थे). See शङ्कटच्.

शालातुरीय name of the great gra- mmarian Panini given to him on account of his being an inhabitant of शलातुर् an old name of the modern Lahore or a name of a place near Lahore; cf. P IV.3.14

शाश्वतिक eternal or permanent, as contrasted with कार्य i.e. produced; cf.एतस्मिन्वाक्ये इन्दुमैत्रेययोः शाश्वतिको विरोधः Siradeva Pari.36; cf. also एके वर्णाञू शाश्वतिकान् न कार्यान् R.Pr.XIII.4.

शास्त्र scientific treatment of a sub- ject; a system of thoughts giving a scientific treatment of any sub- ject. The word is applied to the rules of Panini and sometimes to an individual rule; cf. शास्त्रबाध or अशास्त्रबाध or विप्रतिषेधशास्त्र,frequently used by the commentators; cf. न हि संदेहादलक्षणं शास्त्रामित्यर्थः Nagesa's Par. Sek. on Pari. 1; cf. पदान्तादिष्वेव विकारशास्त्रम् R.Pr.II.2.

शास्त्रकृत् the originator or the founder of a Sastra or system of particular thoughts. The word was used by ancient grammarians for Panini, the founder of the great system of grammar, or of grammar in gene- ral; cf. व्यत्ययमिच्छति शास्त्रकृदेषां सोपि च सिध्यति बाहुलकेन M.Bh. on P. III. 1. 85

शास्त्रकृत brought about by a rule; brought about by the science of grammar; cf. शास्त्रकृतो योमश्च Nir.I. 2; cf. also क्वचिच्च संनिपातकृतमानन्तर्यं शास्त्रकृतमनानन्तर्यम् M.Bh. on P. VII. 3.54, VIII.2.38.

शास्त्रहानि harm or injustice to a science; i.e. non-application of a rule although it could apply,there being no prohibition for it; cf.

शास्त्रहानिश्च । समुदायैकाचः शास्त्रं हीयते M. Bh. on P. VI.1.I Vart. 12.

शास्त्रातिदेश supposition of the original in the place of the substitute mere- ly for the sake of the application of a grammatical rule as con- trasted with रूपातिदेश, the actual restoration of the original form; cf. किं पुनरयं शास्त्रातिदेशः । तृचो यच्छास्त्रं तदतिदिश्यते । आहोस्विद्रूपातिदेशः तृचो यद्रूपं तदतिदिश्यते M. Bh. on P. VII.1.95.

शास्त्रार्थ the purpose of a rule of gra- mmar; cf. अतोत्राप्यवयवेन शास्त्रार्थ: संप्रतीयते M.Bh. on P.VI.1.84 Vart. 5: cf. also, तद्यथा । लोके वसन्ते ब्राह्मणो- ग्नीनादधीतेति सकृदाधाय कृतः शास्त्रार्थ इति पुनः प्रवृत्तिर्न भवति । M. Bh. on VI.1. 84 Vart. 3; VI.4.104 Vart. 3.

शास्त्रासिद्धत्वthe supposed invalidity of a rule or a set of rules by virtue of the dictum laid down by Panini in पूर्वत्रासिद्धम् VIII.2.1; cf. शास्त्रासिद्धत्वमनेन क्रियेत । एकादेशशास्त्रं तुक्शास्त्रे असिद्धं भवति । M.Bh. on P.VI.1.86 Vart. 5.

शि case-affix इ substituted for the case-affixes जस् and शस् of the nom. pl. and the acc. pl. in the neuter gender; cf. जश्शसोः शिः P. VII. 1.20. This affix शि is called सर्वनामस्थान just like the first five case- affixes in the masculine and fem. gender. This case affix is seen dropped in Vedic passages; cf. शेच्छन्दसि बहुलं ( लोपः ) P. VI. 1.70.

शिक्षा general name given to a work on Phonetics. Although there are many such works which are all called शिक्षा, the work, which is often referred to, by the word, is the Siksa named पाणिनीयशिक्षा, about the authorship of which, however, there is a doubt whether it was the work of Panini or of somebody belonging to his school. The Siksa works are help-