शांकरि (1) name of a glo:s on Konda- bhatta's Vaiyakaranabhusanasara by Samkara; (2) name of a com- mentary on the Paribhasendu- sekhara of Nagesa written by Sankarabhatta; (3) The Vyakarana vidya or instructions in Grammar given by God Siva to Panini on which the Siksa of Panini has been based.
शाकट a tad. affix added optionally with शाकिन to the words इक्षु and others in the sense of a field pro- ducing the thing; e.g. इक्षुशाकटम् ; cf. P.V.2.29.
शाकटायन(1) name of an ancient re- puted scholar of Grammar and Pratisakhyas who is quoted by Panini. He is despisingly referred to by Patanjali as a traitor gra- mmarian sympathizing with the Nairuktas or etymologists in hold- ing the view that all substantives are derivable and can be derived from roots; cf. तत्र नामान्याख्यातजानीति शाकटायनो नैरुक्तसमयश्च Nir.I.12; cf. also नाम च धातुजमाह निरुक्ते व्याकरणे शकटस्य च तोकम् M. Bh on P.III.3.1. Sakata- yana is believed to have been the author of the Unadisutrapatha as also of the RkTantra Pratisakhya of the Samaveda; (2) name of a Jain grammarian named पाल्यकीर्ति शाकटायन who lived in the ninth century during the reign of the Rastrakuta king Amoghavarsa and wrote the Sabdanusana which is much similar to the Sutrapatha of Panini and introduced a new Syst- em of Grammar. His work named the Sabdanusasana consists of four chapters which are arranged in the form of topics, which are named सिद्धि. The grammar work is called शब्दानुशासन.
शाकटायनतरङ्गिणी a commentary on Sakatayana's Sabdanusana.
शाकटायनव्याकरणthe treatise on grammar written by Sakatayana. See शाकटायन.
शाकटायनशब्दानुशासन name of the treatise on grammar written by पाल्यकीर्ति-शाकटायन.
शाकपार्थिवादि a class of irregular samanadhikarana, Samasas, or Karmadharaya compound forma- tions, where according to the sense conveyed by the compound word, a word after the first word or so, has to be taken as omitted; cf. समानाधिकरणाधिकारे शाकपार्थिवादी- नामुपसंख्यानमुत्तरपदलेपश्च वक्तव्यः । शाकभेाजी पार्थिवः शाकपार्थिवः । कुतपवासाः सौश्रुतः कुतपसौश्रुतः । यष्टिप्रधानो मौद्गल्य; यष्टिमौद्गल्यः। M.Bh. on P.II.1.69 Vart. 8.
शाकपूणि an ancient writer of Nirukta who is quoted by Yaska; cf. विद्युत् तडिद्भवतीति शाकपूणि; Nir. III. 11, or मानेन अन्यत् जहातीति महानिति शाकपूणिः Nir. III. 13 or ऋत्विक्कस्मात् । ईरणः । ऋग्यष्टा भवतीति शाकपूणिः Nir.III.19
शाकल a word frequently used in the Mahabhasya for a grammatical operation or injunction (विधि) which forms a specific feature of the grammar of शाकल्य, viz. that the vowels इ, उ,ऋ, and लृ remain with- out phonetical combination and a shortening of them, if they are long;cf.इकोsसवर्णे शाकल्यस्य ह्रस्वश्च P.VI. 1. 127; शाकल्यस्य इदं शाकल्यम् ।; cf. also M.Bh. on P.VI.1.77, VI.1.125,VI. 1.27;VI.2.52, VII.3.3 and VIII. 2.108; (2) pupils of शाकल्य; cf. शाकल्यस्य छात्राः शाकलाः M. Bh. on P. IV.I.18;(3) a village in the Vahika district; cf. शाकलं नाम वाहीकग्रामः M. Bh. on IV.2.104 Vart. 3.
शाकलप्रकृतिभावabsence of a phonetic coalescence ( प्रकृतिभाव ) as speci- fically mentioned by शाकल्य. See शाकल.
शाकलप्रतिषेध prohibition of the