dropping; e. g. कुरयः देशः or अङ्गाः देश: in the sense of कुरूणां or अङ्गानां निवासो जनपदः cf. जनपदे लुप् P. IV.3.81 and लुपि युक्तवद् व्यक्तिवचने P.I.2.51; cf. also M.Bh. on P. I. 2.51 and 52.
युक्तारोह्यादि a class of compound words headed by the word युक्तारोही which have their initial vowel accented acute in spite of the ge- neral dictum that a compound word except a Bahuvrihi com- pound word, has its last vowel accented acute; cf. Kas. on P. V I. 2.81.
युक्तार्थ the sense possessed by the original word to which the affix, subsequently dropped by means of the word लुप, was added.
युक्ति (1) argumentation: reasoning; (2) current maxim: cf. युक्तिसिद्धमेतत्.
युगपत्प्रसङ्ग simultaneous possibility of the application of two rules or operations, when in grammar no option re : their application is admissible as it is admissible according to Mimamsa rules re : two operations enjoined by Vedic behests. In Grammar, only one of such rules applies, the priority of application being based upon the criteria of परत्व, नित्यत्व, अन्तरङ्गत्व and अपवादत्व; cf. शब्दपरविप्रतिषेधो नाम भवति यत्रोभयोर्युगपत्प्रसङ्गः | M.Bh. on VI. 1.158 Vart, 12.
युगपदधिकरणवचनता denotation of two or more things by one single member by virtue of their being put together in a dvandva com- pound of two or more words; the grammarians advocate this doc- trine stating that in a dvandva compound such as घटपटौ or घटपटम् , the word घट has the capacity of expressing the sense of both घट and पट, which in a sentence घटः पटश्च, it does not possess. Similarly पट also
has the capacity of conveying the sense of both पट and घट. Possibly this theory is advocated by grarn- marians, on the analogy of words like पितरौ or मातरौ for मातापितरौ, द्यावा for द्यावापृथिवी and so on; cf. सिद्धं तु युगपदधिकरणवचने द्वन्द्ववचनात् P. II 2.29 Vart. 2. For details see Vyakara- namahabhasya on चार्थे द्वन्द्वः P. II. 2.29.
युगपदधिकरणविवक्षा desire to express two or more senses simultaneously (by one word) ; cf. सर्वाणि द्वन्द्व बह्वर्थानि। युगपदधिकरणविवक्षायां द्वन्द्वो भवति M. Bh. on P. II.4.62. See युगपदधिकरणवचनता.
युगपद्वचनता expression of the senses of two words together by one word cf. बिग्रहे खल्वपि युगपद्वचनता दृश्यते । द्यावा ह क्षामा । द्यावा चिदस्मै पृथिवी नमेते । M. Bh. on P. II. 2.29 Vart 6.
युग्म (I) lit, pair; the word is used for the second and fourth consonants ख्, घ्, छ्, झ् etc. of the five classes which, in a way are combinations of two consonants; cf. युग्माः सोष्माणः R. T. 16; cf also युग्मौ सोष्माणौ where the word सोष्मन् is explained as उष्म। वायुस्तेन सह वर्तन्त इति सोष्माण: । खघ छझ टढ थध फभ; cf.also युग्मयोद्वितीयचतुर्थयोः; (2) even, as opposed to odd, referring to the vowels ओ and औ which are even in the enumeration ए ओ ऐ अौ. The consonants called युग्म viz. ख, घ and others which are defined as युग्म are also the even consonants in their classes.
युच् krt affix यु changed into अन, (1) applied in the sense of 'a habituat- ed agent' to intransitive roots in the sense of movement or utter- ance, to Atmanepadi roots beginn- ing with a consonant, to the roots जु, चेकम् सृ, शुच्, कुघ्, as also to roots in the sense of decoration: e.g. चलन:, शब्दन:; cf P.III. 2. 148-15I ; (2) applied to causal roots, as also