पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२८८

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पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


भावित
भाष्य
272

भावित designated by a technical term; cf. किं पुनरिदं तद्भावितग्रहणं वृद्धिरित्येवं ये आकारैकारौकारा विहिता भाव्यन्ते तेषां ग्रहणं आहोस्विद् आदैन्मात्रस्य, M.Bh.on P.I.11.

भाविन् which is to come into being; of future time: cf. भावि कृत्यमासीत् M. Bh. on III. 4. 1: cf. भाविन: सुट आदेशो विधीयते M.Bh. on P. VII. 1. 33; cf also एवं तर्हि भाविनीयं संज्ञा विज्ञास्यते M.Bh on P. I. 1.45.

भावेप्रयेाग impersonal form of a sentence when there is no activity mentioned on the part of the agent nor resulting upon the object, but there is a mere mention of verb-activity.

भाव्य that which is to be produced; cf.Jain. Vyak. I.1.72. See भाव्यमान.

भाव्यमान lit, which is to be produc- ed; which is prescribed by a rule, like an affix; hence, an affix or an augment or a substitute prescribed by a rule as contrasted with the conditions or the original wording for which something is substituted, or after which an affix is placed, or to which an addition is made, or which is deleted; cf. भाव्यमानेन सवर्णानां ग्रहृणं न Par. Sek. Pari, 19; also cf. M.Bh. on P.I. 1.50, I.1. 69,VI.1.85, VI.4.160.

भाषा spoken language as opposed to the archaic Vedic Language; cf. भाषायां सदवसश्रुवः;P.III2.108;प्रत्यये भाषायां नित्यम् . P. VIII. 4, 45 Vārt. 1 ; cf. also R. T. 96, 212; cf also नेति प्रतिषेधार्थीयो भाषायाम् । उभयमन्वध्यायम् Nir. I.4.

भाषानुशासन a work on Language attributed to यश:कवि.

भाषांमञ्जरी a small treatise on gram- mar written by Vyaṅkaṭa Subbā- Shastrī.

भाषावृत्ति a short gloss on the Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini in the l2th century

by Puruṣottamadeva, a reputed scholar belonging to the Eastern school of grammarians which flourished in Bengal and Behar in the 10th, 11th and 12th centuries, The gloss is very useful for begi- nners and it has given a clear explanation of the different sūtras without going into difficult nice- ties and discussions. The treatise does not comment upon Vedic portions or rules referring to Vedic Language because, as the legend goes, king Lakṣmaṇa Sena, for whom the gloss was written, was not qualified to understand Vedic Language; cf. वैदिकभाषानर्हत्वात् Com. on Bhāṣāvṛtti by Sṛṣṭidhara. There is a popular evaluation of the Bhāṣāvṛtti given by the author himself in the stanza "काशिकाभागवृत्त्योश्चेत्सिद्धान्तं बोद्धुमस्ति धीः । तदा विचिन्त्यतां भ्रातर्भाषावृत्तिरियं मम " at the end of his treatise; for details see पुरुषोत्तमदेव.

भाषावृत्तिटीका a learned commentary on Puruṣottamadeva's Bhāṣavṛtti by Sṛṣṭidhara a learned grammarian of the sixteenth century.

भाषिक belonging to, or used in spoken language as contrasted with the Vedic Language or निगम; cf. अथापि भाषिकेभ्यो धातुभ्यो नैगमाः कृतो भाष्यन्ते Nir. II.2.

भाषितपुंस्क a word or a noun-base which has the same sense in the masculine gender as in the neuter gender; generally words of quality or adjectives like शुचि, मधु etc. fall in this category;cf तृतीयादिषु भाषितपुंस्कं पुंवद्गालवस्य P. VII. 1. 74; cf. also भाषितः पुमान् यस्मिन्नर्थे प्रवृत्तिानिमित्ते स भाषित- पुंस्कशब्देनोच्यते । तद्योगादभिधेयमपि यन्नपुसकं तदपि भाषितपुंस्कम् । तस्य प्रतिपादकं यच्छब्दरूपं तदपि भाषितपुंस्कम् । Kāś. on VII.1.74.

भाष्य a learned commentary on an original work, of recognised merit