भष् short term ( प्रत्याहार ) for the con- sonants भ्, घ्, ढ्, ध् ; cf. एकाचो बशो भष् P. VIII.2.37.
भष्भाव the substitution of the third consonants respectively for the fourth consonants भ्, घ्, ढ् and ध्; cf. P. VI.1.13 Vart. 13.
भस्त्रादि a class of words headed by the word भस्त्रा to which the tad. affix इक ( ष्ठन् ) is added in the sense of 'carrying by' ; e. g. भस्त्रिक, भस्त्रिकी cf. Kas. on P.IV.4.16.
भसंज्ञा the term भ applied to the noun-base in contrast with the term पद. For details see the word भ.
भागवत हरिशास्त्री a modern scholar of grammar who has written a com- mentary named Vakyarthacandrika on the Paribhasendusekhara of Nagesa; he lived in the first half of the eighteenth century.
भागवृत्ति one of the oldest commen- taries on the Sutras of Panini, which, although not available at present, has been profusely quoted by Purusottamadeva and other Eastern Grammarians of the twelfth and later centuries. The authorship of the work is attribut- ed to Bhartrhari, but the point is doubtful as Siradeva in his Pari- bhasavrtti on Pari. 76 has stated that the author of the Bhagavrtti has quoted from Maghakavya; cf. अत एवं तत्रैव सूत्रे भागवृत्तिः पुरातनमुनेर्मुनिता- मिति पुरातनीनेदिरिति च प्रमादपाठावेतौ गतानु- गतिकतया कवयः प्रयुञ्जते न तेषां लक्षणे चक्षुरिति । Some scholars attribute its author- ship to Vimalamati. Whosoever be the author, the gloss ( भागवृत्ति ) was a work of recognised merit; cf. काशिकाभागवृत्त्योश्चेत् सिद्धान्तं वेत्तुमस्ति धीः । तदा विचिन्त्यतां भातभीषावृत्तिरियं मम Bha- savrtti at the end. सृष्टिघर in his commentary on the Bhasavrtti also says " सा हि द्वयोर्विवरणकर्त्री."
भाण्डारकर [ Sir Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar 1837-1925 A. D. ] a well-known scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who has written learned articles on many grammatical topics. He was a distinguished Professor of Sanskrit in the latter half of the nineteenth century. He was one of the pioneers of Sanskrit studies in India.
भारद्वाज (1) an ancient grammarian quoted by Panini in his rules to show differences of opinion; cf. ऋतो भारद्वाजस्य VII. 2.63; (2) name of a country in the days of Panini cf. कृकणपर्णाद्भारद्वाजे P. IV. 2.145,
भारद्धाजीय scholars and grammarians belonging to or following the Bha- radwaja School of Grammar whose views are often quoted in the Mahabhasya; भारद्वाजीयाः पठन्ति M. Bh. on P. I.1.20 Vart. 1, I.1.56 Vart.11 : I.2.22 Vart.3; I.3.67 Vart. 4, III.1.38 Vart. 1, III 1.48 Vart. 3; III 1.89 Vart. 1, IV.1.79, VI.4. 47 and VI.4.155.
भाव (1 ) becoming; existence. The word is used many times in the sense of धात्वर्थ- the sense of a root which is 'incomplete activity' or 'process of evolving'; cf. तदाख्यातं येन भावं स धातुः R. Pr. XII. 5; cf. also षड् भावविकारा भवन्ति Nir. I. 36; पूर्वापरीभूतं भावमाख्यातेन आचष्टे व्रजतिपचती- त्युपक्रमप्रभृति अपवर्गपर्यन्तम् Nir. I. 1 ; (2) activity as opposed to instru- ments ( साधन or कारक ); cf. भाव- गर्हायाम् । धात्वर्थगर्हायाम् Kas. on P. III. 1.24; cf. also भावः क्रिया, Kas. on यस्य च भावेन भावलक्षणम् P. II. 3.37; (3) completed action which is shown, not by a verb, but by a verbal derivative noun; cf. धात्वर्थश्च धातु- नैवोच्यते । यस्तस्य सिद्धता नाम धर्मस्तत्र घञादयः प्रत्यया विधीयन्ते Kas. on 'भावे' P. III. 3.18; cf. also कृदभिहितो भावो द्रव्यवद्भवति