बिल्वा यस्यां सन्ति बिल्वकी तस्यां भवाः बैल्वकाः Kas. on P.VI.4.153.
बिल्वादि a class of words headed by the word बिल्व, to which the tad. affix अ (अण् ) is added sense of 'a product' or 'a part'; e.g. बैल्वः मौद्गः, वैणवः etc.; cf Kas on P. IV. 3.136.
बुइस्कूल [ BUISKOOL H. E. ) A European grammarian who has written an essay on the last three Padas of Panini's Astadhyayi (त्रिपादी) under the title 'The Tripadi'.
बुद्धि notion, mental understanding; mental inclination; cf. बुद्धि: संप्रत्यय इत्यनर्थान्तरम् । Or अस्तेर्भूर्भवतीत्यस्तिबुद्ध्यां भवतिबुद्धिं प्रतिपद्यते M. Bh on P. I.1.56 Vart. 14; (2) mental inclusion; cf. यां यां विभक्तिं आश्रयितुं बुद्धिरुपजायते सा साश्रयितव्या M.Bh. on P. I. 1. 57: cf. अथ बुद्धिः अविशेषात्स्मपुरा हेतू, M. Bh. on III.2.118 Vart. 4.
बुद्धिकर्मन् activity of the mind of the type of understanding as contrast- ed with the activity of the sense organs; cf. इन्द्रियकर्म समासादनं बुद्धिकर्म व्यवसायः M. Bh. on P.III. 3. 133 Vart. 8.
बुद्धिसागर writer of a grammar work who lived in the 11th century.
बृंहण keeping: preservation;cf. क्रमादतो- प्यृग्यजुषां च बृंहणम् । बृंहणं संधारणम् ;Uvvata on R. Pr. XI. 37.
बृहच्छब्दरत्न a learned commentary on the commentary मनोरमा of भट्टोजीदीक्षित; the commentary was written by हरिदीक्षित the grandson of Bhattoji. The work is called बृहच्छब्दरत्न in contrast with the लघुशब्दरत्न of the same author (हरिदीक्षित) which is generally studied at the Pathasalas all over the country. The work बृहच्छब्दरत्न is only in a Manuscript form at present. Some scholars believe that it was written by Nagesabhatta,
who ascribed it to his preceptor Hari Diksita, but the belief is not correct as proved by a reference in the Laghusabdaratna, where the author himself remarks that he himself has written the बृहच्छब्दरत्न, and internal evidences show that लबुशब्दरत्न is sometimes a word-for- word summary of the बृहच्छब्दरत्न. cf.विस्तरस्तु अस्मत्कृते बृहच्छब्दरत्ने मदन्तेवासि- वृतलधुशब्देन्दुशेखरे च द्रष्टव्यः Laghusabda- ratna. For details see Bhandarkar Ins. Journal Vol. 32 pp.258-60.
बृहच्छब्दरत्नटीका called बृहच्छब्दरत्नव्याख्या written by भवदेव.
बृहती a Vedic metre consisting of four padas and 36 syllables. There are three padas of eight syllables and the fourth has twelve syllables. It has got further sub- divisions known as पुरस्ताद्बृहती, उपरि- ष्टाद्बृहती, न्यङ्कुसारिणी or उरोबृहती, ऊर्ध्व- बृहती विष्टारबृहती, पिपीलिकमध्यमा and विषमपदा. For details see R.Pr. XVI. 31-37.
बृहत्संज्ञा the same as महत्संज्ञा or महती संज्ञा; a bigger terminology as con- trasted with लघुसंज्ञा brief termino- logy such as टि, घु, भ etc. for which (latter) Panini is very particular. The bigger terms such as सर्वनाम, अात्मनेपद, परस्मैपद and others are evidently borrowed by Panini from the ancient grammarians who lived before him.
बृहद्दर्पणा name of a commentary on Kondabhatta's Vaiyakaranabhu- sanasara by Mannudeva, who was called also Mantudeva, who lived in the latter half of the eighteenth century.
बृहद्व्याकरणसिद्धान्तमञ्जूषा a grammar work written by Ramanatha Chobhe.
बेलवलकर [ SHRIPAD KRISHNA