or गदा on the Paribhasendusekhara, the Cidasthimala on the Laghusab- dendusekhara and commentaries on the Vaiyakaranabhusana,Sabda- kaustubha and Bhasyapradipodd- yota. Other scholars believe that Balambhatta was the son of Vaidyanatha and that he wrote only the commentary on Mita- ksara called Balambhatti after him. (2) There was also a comparative- ly modern grammarian of Tanjore who has written small grammar works बालबोधिनी and बालरञ्जनी.
बालबोधिनी name of a grammatical work ascribed to Balambhatta of Tanjore.
बालमनोरमा name of a commentary on the Siddhanta-kaumudi of Bhattoji Diksita by Vasudeva Diksita, a grammarian of Tanjore. There is also another commentary called Balamanorama written by Anantadeva on the Siddhanta- kaumudi.
बालरञ्जनी name of a grammar work written by Balambhatta of Tanjore. See बालंभट्ट (2).
बाहुलक the application of a gramma- tical rule as a necessity to arrive at some forms in literature especially in the Vedic Literature as also in the works of standard writers, which cannot be explained easily by the regular application of the stated rules; cf. सुप्तिङुपग्रहलिदनराणां कालहलच्- स्वरकर्तृयङां च । व्यत्ययमिच्छति शास्त्रकृदेषां सोपि च सिध्यति बाहुलकेन M.Bh. on P. III. 1.85; also cf. बाहुलकं प्रकृतेस्तनुदृष्टेः प्रायसमुच्चयनादपि तेषाम् । कार्यसशेषविधेश्च तदुक्तं नैगमरूढिभवं हि सुसाधु M.Bh. on P. III.3.1. In many sutras, Panini has put the word बहुलम् to arrive at such forms; e.g see P.II.1.32,57; II.3.62. II.4.39,73,76,84 etc.
बाह्य (प्रयत्न) external effort; the 34
term is used many times in conne- ction with the external effort in the production of articulate sound, as different from the internal effort अाभ्यन्तरप्रयत्न. The external effort is described to be consisting of 11 kinds; cf. बाह्यप्रयत्नस्त्वेकादशधा । विवारः संवारः श्वासो नादो घोषोSघोषोSल्पप्राणो महाप्राण उदात्तोनुदात्तः स्वरितश्चेति S.K.on P. I.1.9.
बाह्वादि a class of words headed by the word बाहु to which the tad. affix इ ( इञ् ) is added in the sense of a descendant; e. g. बाहविः, पौष्करसादि:, पाञ्चिः etc. The class called बाह्वादि is looked upon as अाकृतिगण on the strength of the word च in the rule, so that similar words, not included in the class, could be explained; cf. Kas. on P.IV.1.96.
बिदादि a class of words headed by the word बिद to which the affix अ (अञ्) is added in the sense of a grand- child and further descendants; e.g. बैदः, और्वः, काश्यप:, कौशिकः etc. The words in this class are mostly names of sages. In the case of such words as are not names of sages, the affix अ is added in the sense of the offspring and not any descendant. e.g. पौत्रः, दौहित्रः etc.; cf. Kas. on P.IV.1.104.
बिन्दु anusvara, letter pronounced only through the nose; a dot to indicate the nasal phonetic element shown in writing above or sometimes after that letter or vowel, after which it is uttered; cf. अं इत्यनुस्वारः । अकार इह उच्चारणार्थः इति बिन्दुमात्रो वर्णोनुस्वारसंज्ञो भवति ।। Kat. I.1.19.
बिल्वकादि a class of words headed by the word बिल्वक the affix ईय ( छ ) placed after which is elided when another tad. affix such as अण् or the like is placed after them; cf.