पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२८०

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बह्वच्
बालंभट्ट
264

बह्वच् multisyllabled, a word which contains three, or more than three vowels; the word occurs many times in the sutras of Panini. cf. P. II. 4.66, IV. 2.73, IV. 2.109, IV. 3.67; V. 3.78, VI. 2.83, VI. 3.118.

बह्वपेक्ष lit. depending on many; the word is used in the sense of de- pending on many causal factors ( निमित्तानि ) and given as the defi- nition of a kind of बहिरङ्ग by some grammarians; cf. अल्पापेक्षमन्तरङ्गं बह्वपेक्षं बहिरङ्गम् . This kind of अन्तरङ्गबहिरङ्गत्व, cited by Kaiyata is, however, disapproved by Nagesabhatta; cf. बहुिरङ्गान्तरङ्गाशब्दाभ्यां बह्वपेक्षत्वाल्पापेक्षत्वयोः शब्दमर्यादया अलाभाच्च । तथा सति असिद्धं बह्वपेक्षमल्पापेक्षे इत्येव वदेत् । Par. Sek. on Pari. 50.

बह्वर्थ lit. the meaning of the word बहु. There are many senses of the word बहु out of which 'plurality' is the sense usually seen. The word also means 'collection;' cf. ग्रामशब्दोयं बह्वर्थः । अस्त्येव शालांसमुदाये वर्तते । तद्यथा । ग्रामो दग्ध इति M. Bh. on P. I. 1.8, 21.

बह्वादि a class of words headed by बहु to which the fem. affix ई ( ङीप् ) is added to form the feminine base; the words ending in अ in this class take the fem. affix अा ( टाप् ) in case ई which is optional, is not added; other words remain as they are, if ई, is not added; e. g. बह्वी, बहुः; पद्धतिः, पद्धती; गतिः, _ गती; चण्डी, चण्डा; etc. cf. Kas. on P. IV. 1.45.

बाध sublation, setting aside; , सामान्य- शास्त्रस्य विशेषशास्त्रेण बाध: Par. Sek. on Pari. 51.

बाधक lit. that which sublates or sets aside; generally a special rule which sets aside a general rule: cf. येन ना- प्राप्ते यो विधिरारभ्यते स तस्य बाधको भवति,

Pari. Patha of पुरुषोत्तमदेव Pari. 51; cf. also नैतज्ज्ञापकसाध्यं अपवादैरुत्सर्गा बाध्यन्त इति । बाधकेनानेन भवितव्यं सामान्य- विहितस्य विशेषविहितेन । M.Bh. on P. II. 1.24 Vart. 5. बाधक is used as a synonym of अपवाद, cf. अपवादशब्दोत्र बाधकपरः Par. Sek. Pari. 58.

बाधकत्व the same as बाध ; sublation; setting aside; this sublation is described to be of two types- (1) complete sublation when the rule set aside, is for ever set aside and cannot, by the maxim called तक्रकौण्डिन्यन्याय, be applied again; cf. दधि ब्राह्मणेभ्यो दीयतां तक्रं कौण्डिन्यायेति सत्यपि संभवे दधिदानस्य तक्रदानं निवर्तकं भवति । cf. M. Bh. on P. I. 1.47; VI. 1.2. VI. 2.1. etc.; ( 2 ) temporary sublation when the rule set aside, can be applied, if possible after the special rule has been applied; cf. सर्वथा अनवकाशत्वादेव बाधकत्वे स्वस्य (अनवकाशशास्त्रस्य) पूर्वप्रवृत्तिरित्येव बाधः । तत्र बाधके प्रवृत्ते यद्युत्सर्गप्राप्तिर्भवति तदा भवत्येव यथा तत्रैव याडादयः Par.Sek.on Pari.57, The sublation or बाधकत्व is not only in the case of सामान्यविशेषभाव and अनवकाशत्व as given above, but a rule or operation which is पर (cited later), or नित्य, or अन्तरङ्ग sets aside the rule or operation which is पूर्व,or अनित्य,or बहिरङ्ग respectively. This बाध्यबाधकभाव occupies a very important position in respect of the application of grammar rules for arriving at the correct forms (इष्टरूपसिद्धि) and grammarians have laid down a number of Paribha- sas in the field of बाध्यबाधकभाव.

बालंभट्ट ( बाळंभट्ट ) surnamed Paya- gunda or Payagunde, who has written a commentary on the commentary Mitaksara on the याज्ञवल्क्यस्मृति. Some scholars say that he was also a great grammarian and identical with वैद्यनाथ पायगुंडे who has written the commentary काशिका