पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२७९

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बहु
बहुव्रीहिप्रकृतिस्वर
263

बहु plural, many, the word is used in the sense of abundance also; cf. बहुषु बहुवचनम् P. I.4.21 and बहोलोपो भू च बहोः VI. 4.158.

बहुच् tad. suffix बहु which is always prefixed to a noun in the sense of 'almost complete', 'almost full', 'to a considerable extent'; e.g. बहुगुडा द्राक्षा; cf. विभाषा सुपो बहुच् पुरस्तात्तु P. V. 3.68.

बहुप्रक्रुति (l) consisting of a large number of verbal parts in deriva- tion; बह्वयः प्रकृतयो यत्र; (2) a com- pound in which the constituent words are all in the plural number, cf. सर्वे द्वन्द्वो विभाषैकवद्भवति । बहुप्रकृतिरिति वक्तव्यम् M. Bh. on P.II.4.12 Vart.l ; (3) a compound word ( पद ) made up of many constituent words; cf. बहूनि पदानि यत्र तद् बहुप्रकृति पदम् Vaj. Prat. V. 7.

बहुमध्यगत a word which has entered between two constituent words of a compound by splitting in a way the compound e. g. the word च in ईयते नरा च शंसं दैव्यम् Rg. Veda IX. 86.42; cf. एतानि परिगृह्णीयात् बहूमध्यगतानि च । R.Pr.X.7. explained by Uvvata as बहूनां पदानां मध्यगतानि च यानि पदानि तानि अतिक्रम्य परिगृह्णीयात् !

बहुल lit. variously applicable; the word is used in the rules of Panini in connection with a grammatical rule or affix or the like that is seen necessarily applied in some cases, optionally applied in a few other cases and not at all applied in the other cases still. The word बहुलम् is used by Panini in all such cases. See P. II. 1.32, 57; II. 3.62; II.4.39, 73, 76, 84, III. 1.34 etc.; cf. the usual explanation of बहुलम् given by grammarians in the lines क्वचित्प्रवृत्तिः क्वचिदप्रवृत्तिः क्वचिद्विभाषा क्वचि- दन्यदेव । विधेर्विधानं बहुधा समीक्ष्य चतुर्विधं बाहुलकं वदन्ति Com. V. Pr. III.18.

बहुलपाद name given by grammarians to the third pada of the third adhyaya of the Astdhyayi.

बहुवचन the plural number; the affixes of the plural number applied to noun-bases as also to roots; cf. बहुषु बहुवचनम् P. I. 4.21.

बहुव्रीहि a compound similar in meaning to the word बहुव्रीहि ( pos- sessed of much rice ) which, in sense shows quite a distinct object than those which are shown by the constituent members of the compound; a relative or adjective compound. There are various kinds of the Bahuvrihi compound such as समानाधिकरणबहुव्रीहि, व्यधिकरणबहुव्रीहि, संख्याबहुव्रीहि, दिग्बहुव्रीहि, सहबहुव्रीहि, नञ्बहु- व्रीहि, and अनेकपदबहुव्रीहि which depend upon the specific peculiarity notic- ed in the various cases. Panini in his grammar has not given any defini- tion of बहुव्रीहि, but has stated that a compound other than those already given viz. अव्ययीभाव, द्वन्द्व and तत्पुरुष, is बहुव्रीहि and cited under Bahu- vrihi all cases mentioned above; cf शेषो बहुव्रीहिः II. 3.23-28; also cf. अन्यपदार्थप्रधानो बहुव्रीहिः M. Bh. on P. II. 1.6; II. 1.20; II. 1.49.

बहुव्रीहिपाद conventional term used for the second pada of the sixth adhyaya of Panini's Astadhyayi.

बहुव्रीहिप्रकृतिस्वर the accent peculiar to, or specifically mentioned in the case of the Bahuvrihi compound viz. the retention of its own accents by the first member, in spite of the general rule that a compound word has the last vowel accented acute i.e. उदात्त. cf. बहुव्रीहौ प्रकृत्या पूर्वपदम्. P. VI. 2.1. The expression बहुव्रीहिस्वर in this very sense is used in the Maha- bhasya cf. बहुव्रीहिस्वरं शास्ति समासान्तविधेः सुकृत् M. Bh. on P. VI. 2.1.