times used for व् especially when it stands at the beginning of a word, for which scholars use the expre- ssion वबयेारभेद:.
बर्नेल् [ BURNELL., Dr.] a European Sanskrit scholar who has written a learned booklet 'Aindra School of Sanskrit Grammarians' which discusses the problem of the Aindra grammar. See ऐन्द्र.
बर्बरता a fault in pronunciation of the type of roughness or barbar- ousness in the utterance of the letter र् : cf. बर्बरता असौकुमार्ये रेफे Uvvata on R.Pr.XIV. 8.
बर्स्व्य (written as बर्त्स्व्य or बर्त्स्य possibly through mistake in the printed Calcutta Edition); connected with the socket of the teeth. As the utterance of र् proceeds from the socket of the teeth, र् is called बर्स्व्य. cf. उपसंहृततरे च जिह्वाग्रमृकारर्कारल्कारेषु बर्स्वेषूपसंहरति T.Pr.II.18.बर्स्व is explain- ed here by the commentator as दन्तपङ्क्तेरुपरिष्टादुच्चप्रदेशेषु ऋकारस्य ॠकारस्य ऌकारस्य च बर्स्वाः स्थानम् । The word उपरिष्टात् in the explanation given above is questionable;the explana- tion given by Uvvata in his com- ment on वर्त्स्यमेकं इच्छन्ति रेफम् R. Pr. I. 20.viz. वर्त्सशब्देन दन्तमूलादुपरिष्टादुच्छूनः प्रदेश उच्यते appears better although appa- rently वर्त्स is written in the text for बर्स्व or वर्त्स्व.
बलराम writer of a gloss named धातुप्रकाश on the Dhatupatha of Panini.
बलादि (1) a class of words headed by the word बल, to which the tad. affix य is added in the four senses given by Panini in IV.2.67-70. e. g. बल्यः कुल्यम्, तुल्यम् , वन्यम् etc. cf Kas, on P.IV.2.80; (2) a class of words headed by बल which take the possessive tad. affix मत् option- ally with the regular affix इन् ;
e. g. बलवान् , बली; cf Kas. on P. V. 2.136.
बलीयस्त्व' relative superiority in strength possessed by rules of grammar or by operations based on rules of grammar. This Supe- riority is decided generally on any one or more of the four recognised criteria such as परत्व, नित्यत्व, अन्तरङ्गत्व and अपवादत्व. The phrase अन्तरङ्गबली- यस्त्वात् very frequently occurs in the varttikas and in the Maha- bhasya; cf. M.Bh. on P. III. 1.67, VI.i.17, 85 Vart. 15, VI. 4.62 and VII.1.1.
बश् short term or pratyahara for the consonants from ब to mute श् in the Mahesvara sutra i.e. the con- sonants ब्, ग्, ड् and द्.
बहिरङ्ग a rule or operation which is बहिरङ्ग (lit. external); the word बहिरङ्ग is used in grammar in connection with a rule or operation, the cause ( निमित्त )of which occurs later in place or time than the cause of the other which is called अन्तरङ्ग. For the various kinds of बहिरङ्गत्व see the word अन्तरङ्ग where the kinds of अन्तरङ्गत्व are given.
बहिरङ्गपरिभाषा the Paribhasa or the maxim असिद्धं बहिरङ्गमन्तरङ्गे (Par. Sek. Pari. 50) which cites the com- parative weakness of the rule or operation which is Bahiranga.
बहिरङ्गलक्षण an operation or rule which is characterized as बहिरङ्ग; cf असिद्धं बहिरङ्गलक्षणमन्तरङ्गलक्षणे M. Bh. on P. I. 1.57; cf. also M.Bh. on P. I. 4.2 Vart. 21.
बहिरङ्गासिद्धत्व invalidity i. e. non- occurrence or non-application of a bahiranga rule or operation be- fore the antaranga operation which is looked upon as stronger occurr- ing earlier to the mind, or in the wording, as it does.