फ (l) the letter or sound फ्,the vowel अ being added for facility of pro- nunciation ;(2) the affix फ for which अायन is always substituted as given by Panini in P.VII.1.2.
फक् (1) tad.affix फ marked with mute क् for effecting the वृद्धि substitute for the initial vowel of the word to which it is applied. The initial letter फ् of all the affixes beginning with फ् in Panini's grammar is al- ways changed into आयन्. The tad. affix फक् is affixed (1) in the sense of गोत्रापत्य grandchild and his issues, to the words नड and others as also to the words ending with the affixes यञ् and इञ् and words शरद्वत्, दर्भ, द्रोण etc. e.g. नाडायनः, शालङ्कायनः, दाक्षायणः प्लाक्षायणः, द्रोणायनः, वैदः, अौर्वः etc.; cf P.IV. 1.99-103; (2) as a caturar- thika affix in the four senses mentioned in P. IV. 2.67-70 to the words पक्ष and others e. g. पाक्षायणः, तौषायणः; cf. P.IV. 2.80.
फञ् tad. affix फ marked with ञ् caus- ing the Vrddhi substitute for the initial vowel of the word, applied in the sense of grandchildren and their issues to words अश्व and others, as also to the word भर्ग; e.g.आश्वायन, अाश्मायनः, भार्गायणः cf. अश्वादिभ्यः फञ् and भर्गात् त्रैगर्ते; cf. P.IV.1.110 and 111.
फणादि a class of seven roots headed by the root फण्, which belong to the first conjugation and which have optionally their vowel अ changed into ए and the reduplica- tive syllable ( अभ्यास) dropped, in the forms of the perfect tense before the affix इथ and weak affixes; e. g. फेणतु:, फेणु:, फेणिथ फफणतुः, पफणुः, पफणिथ etc. cf. P.VI.4.:125.
फल (1) fruit or benefit of an action which goes to the agent; cf. फलव्यापारयोर्धातुः Vaiyakarana-bhusana. A
root which is given as Ubhaya- padin in Panini's Grammar takes the Atmanepada affixes when the fruit of the activity is meant for the agent, while otherwise it takes the Parasmaipada affixes; (2) The word फल also means the result of a grammatical operation or grammatical injunction.
फि a common term for the affixes फिन् and फिञ्.
फिञ् tad. affix आयनि applied to the word मिमत in the sense of offspring e.g. मैमतायनिः ; cf. P.IV.1.150; it is also added in the same sense of (off- spring) to the words तिक and others as also to the word कौसल्य, two- syllabled words ending with अण् and to words वाकिन and others; e.g. तैकायनिः, कौसल्यायनिः, वाकिनकायनिः etc.; cf. P.IV.1.159.
फिट्सूत्र a small work on accents attributed to Santanava,an ancient Vedic scholar who lived before Patanjali if not before Panini, as the latter has not referred to him. There is an anonymous commentary upon it.
फिन् tad. affix आयनि in the sense of offspring added according to the Eastern grammarians to words not beginning with आ, ऐ or औ, e.g. ग्लुचुकायनिः,cf. IV.1.160.
फडेगन् [ FADDEGON, BAREND ] a scholar of Sanskrit Grammar, who has written a book 'Studies in Panini's Grammar'.
ब् third letter of the labial class which is soft and inaspirate.
ब or बकार the letter ब्, the vowel अ as also the word कार being added for facility of utterance; cf. T. Pr. I.17.21, The letter ब् is some-