only in the Sanskrit PathaSalas before the study of the Sabdendu- sekhara and the Paribhsendu- sekhara is undertaken.
प्रौढमनोरमाखण्डन (1) a grammatical work written by a grammarian named Cakrapani of the Sesa family of grammarians. The work is meant to refute the arguments of Bhattoji Diksita in his Praudha- manorama; (2) a grammar work written by the famous poet and rhetorician Jagannātha in refuta- tion of the doctrines and expla- nations given in the Praudhamano- rama by the stalwart Gramma- rian Bhattoji Diksita. The work is not a scholarly one and it has got a tone of banter. It was written by Jagannatha to show that he could also write works on Gram- mar and the bearded pedant Bhattoji should not be proud of his profound scholarship in Grammar. The work of Jagannatha was named मनोरमाकुचमर्दन possibly by his followers or even by himself.
प्रौढमनोरमाटीका a commentary on Bhattoji DikSita's Praudhamano- rama written by Bhattoji's grand- son Hari Diksita. The commen- tary is called लघुशब्दरत्न or simple शब्दरत्न which is an abridgment of the author's work बृहच्छब्दरत्न. The Laghusabdaratna is widely studied along with the Praudhamanorama in the Pathasalas.
प्लक्षादि a class of words headed by the word प्लक्ष to which the tad. affix अण् is added in the sense of 'a fruit' e.g. प्लाक्षम्,ऐङ्गुदम् cf.Kas. on P.IV.3.164
प्लाक्षायण an ancient Vedic scholar who presumably wrote a work on Vedic grammar (of the type of the Pratisakhya works).For a difference
of view he is quoted in the Taitti- riya Pratisakhya: cf.न प्लाक्षिप्लाक्षायणयेाः T.Pr. IX.6.
प्लाक्षि an ancient writer of a Prati- sakhya work quoted in the Taitti- riya Pratisakhya.See प्लाक्षायण above. The words प्लाक्षि and प्लाक्षायण as also प्लाक्षी ( feminine ) occur in the Mahabhasya also, but not in the Ganapatha of Panini.
प्लुत protracted, name given to vowels in the protracted grade. The vowels in this grade which are termed protracted vowels are possessed of three matras and in writing they are marked with the figure 3 placed after them. In pronunciation they take a longer time than the long or दीर्घ vowels; cf. ऊकालोज्झ्रस्वदीर्घप्लुतः P. I.2.27. The word is derived from प्लु (प्रु also) I Atmane to go, and explained as प्लवते इति, The word प्लवते is often found for प्लुतो भवति in the Pratisa- khya works; cf also मात्रा ह्रस्वरतावदव- ग्रहान्तरं, द्वे दीर्धस्तिस्रः प्लुत उच्यते स्वरः । अधः स्विदासी३दुपरि स्विदासी३द् अर्थे प्लुतिर्भीरिव विन्दती३त्रिः ll R. Pr. I.16.
प्लुति prolation or protraction of a vowel when it is possessed of three matras; cf.. R. Pr. I.31. See प्लुत above; cf. अविद्वांसः प्रत्यभिवादे नाम्नो ये न प्लुतिं विदुः । कामं तेषु तु विप्रोष्य स्त्रीष्विवायमहं वदेत् M.Bh. on P.I.1 Ahnika 1
प्वादि a class of roots headed by the root पू which get their vowel short- ened in the four conjugational tenses as also before the pres.part. affix; e.g. पुनाति पुनानः, लुनाति, लुनन् etc.; cf Kas. on P.VII.3.80.
फ् hard labial consonant, aspirate of प्, possessed of the properties श्वास घोष, महाप्राणता, and कण्ठविवृतता.