पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/२७२

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प्रातिपदिक
प्रातिपदिकार्थ
256

154: cf. मयटः प्राण्यञ् विप्रतिषेधेन P.IV.3. 156 Vart, 4.

प्रातिपदिक lit.available in every word. The term प्रातिपादिक can be explain- ed as प्रतिपदं गृह्णाति तत् प्रातिपदिकम् cf P.IV. 4. 39. The term प्रातिपदिक, although mentioned in the Brah- mana works, is not found in the Pratisakhya works probably be- cause those works were concerned with formed words which had been actually in use. The regular division of a word into the base ( प्रकृति ) and the affix ( प्रत्यय ) is available, first in the grammar of Panini, who has given two kinds of bases, the noun-base and the verb-base. The noun-base is named Pratipadika by him while the verb-base is named Dhatu. The definition of Pratipadika is given by him as a word which is possessed of sense, but which is neither a root nor a suffix; cf. अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् . P.I. 2.45. Although his definition includes, the krdanta words,the taddhitanta words and the compound words, still, Panini has mentioned them separately in the rule कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च P. I. 2.45 to distinguish them as secondary noun-bases as compared with the primary noun-bases which are mentioned in the rule अर्थवदधातुर- प्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम्, Thus,Panini implies four kinds of Pratipadikas मूलभूत, कृदन्त, तद्धितान्त and समास, The Vartti- kakara appears to have given nine kinds-गुणवचन, सर्वनाम, अव्यय, तद्धितान्त, कृदन्त, समास, जाति, संख्या and संज्ञा. See Varttikas 39 to 44 on P. I. 4. 1. Later on, Bhojaraja in his Sringara- Prakasa has quoted the definition अर्थवदधातु given by Panini, and has given six subdivisions.: cf. नामा- व्ययानुकरणकृत्तद्धितसमासाः प्रातिपदिकानि Sr. Prak. I. page 6. For the sense con-

veyed by a Pratipadika or noun- base, see प्रातिपदिकार्थ.

प्रातिपदिककार्य corresponding to अङ्गकार्य in the case of the declinables, which the Sutrakara mentions specifically with respect to the noun-base.

प्रातिपदिकग्रहण express mention by wording of a noun-base as in दित्यदित्यादित्य , सुधातुरकङ् च etc., and not by description as अदन्त in अत इञ् (P.IV.1.95) or in a group of words ( गण ) ; cf. प्रातिपदिकग्रहणे लिङ्ग- विशिष्टस्यापि ग्रहणम् Par. Sek. Pari. 71, which recommends the feminine form of the base for an operation, provided the base is specifically expressed and not merely des- cribed. e. g युवतिः खलतिः युवखलतिः, चटकस्यापत्यं चाटकैरः, वह्नीनां पूरणी बहुतिथी etc.

प्रातिपदिकस्वर the general accent of the Pratipadika viz. the acute ( उदात्त ) for the last vowel as given by the Phit sutra फिषः ( प्रातिपदिकस्य ) अन्त उदात्तः; cf. also प्रातिपदिकस्वरस्यावकाशः । अाम्रः । M. Bh. on P. VI. 1.91 Vart. 7.

प्रातिपदिकार्थ denoted sense of a Prati- padika or a noun-base. Standard grammarians state that the denota- tion of a pratipadika is five-fold viz. स्वार्थ, द्रव्य, लिङ्ग, संख्या and कारक. The word स्वार्थ refers to the causal factor of denotation or प्रवृत्तिनिमित्त which is of four kinds जाति, गुण, क्रिया and संज्ञा as noticed respectively in the words गौः, शुक्लः, चलः and डित्ः. The word द्रव्य refers to the in- dividual object which sometimes is directly denoted as in अश्वमानय, while on some occasions it is in- directly denoted through the genus or the general notion as in ब्राह्मणः पूज्य:, लिङ्ग the gender, संख्या the num- ber and कारक the case-relation are