कात्थक्य an ancient writer of Nirukta quoted by Yāska in his Nirukta.
कात्य (i) another name sometimes given to Katyāyana to whom is ascribed the composition of the Vārttikas on Pāṇini-sūtras; (2) an ancient writer Kātya quoted as a lexicographer by Kṣīrasvāmin, Hemacandra and other writers.
कात्यायन the well-known author of the Vārttikas on the sūtras of Pāṇini. He is also believed to be the author of the Vājasaneyi Prāti- śākhya and many sūtra works named after him. He is believed to be a resident of South India on the strength of the remark प्रियतद्धिता दाक्षिणात्याः made by Patañjali in connection with the statement 'यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु' which is looked upon as Kātyāyana's Vārttika. Some schol- ars say that Vararuci was also ano- ther name given to him, in which case the Vārttikakāra Vararuci Kātyāyana has to be looked upon as different from the subsequent writer named Vararuci to whom some works on Prakrit and Kātan- tra grammar are ascribed. For details see Mahābhāṣya Vol. VII. pages I93-223 published by the D. E.Society, Poona.See also वार्तिकपाठ below.
कानच् affix अान forming perfect part- ciples which are mostly seen in Vedic Literature. The affix कानच् is technically a substitute for the लिट् affix. Nouns ending in कानच् govern the accusative case of the nouns connected with them: e.g. सोमं सुषुवाणः; cf. P. III.3.106 and P.II.3.69.
काम् augment आम् applied to तूष्णीम् just as अकच् is applied, e.g.; आसितव्यं किल तूष्णीकाम M. Bh. on V.3.72.
कामचार option; permission to do as
desired liberty of applying any of the rules of grammar that present themselves; cf. तत्र कामचारो गृह्यमाणेन वा विभक्तिं विशेषयितुं अङ्गेन वा M. Bh. on P.I.1.27 Vārt. 6.
कामधेनु abridgment of काव्यकामधेनु of Bopadeva; the word is also used as a short form for काव्यकामधेनु.
कामधेनुसुधारस a commentary on the Kāvyakāmadhenu by Ananta, son of Cintāmaṇi who lived in the sixteenth century A. D.
कामम् optionally; at will; cf. काममति- दिश्यतांं वा M. Bh. on I.1.57.
काम्यच् affix in the sense of 'desiring for oneself' applied to nouns to form denominative roots; e.g. पुत्रकाम्यति; cf. काम्यच्च् P. III.1. 9.
कार an affix, given in the Prātiśākhya works and,by Kātyāyana also in his Vārttika, which is added to a letter or a phonetic element for conve- nience of mention; e.g. इकारः, उकारः ; cf. वर्णः कारोत्तरो वर्णाख्या; वर्णकारौ निर्देशकौ Tai. Pra.I. 16: XXII.4.;cf. also V. Pr. 1.37. It is also applied to sylla- bles or words in a similar way to indicate the phonetic element of the word as apart from the sense of the word: e. g.' यत एवकारस्तती- न्यत्रावधारणम् Vyak. Paribhāṣā , cf. also the words वकार:, हिंकारः: (2) additional purpose served by a word such as an adhikāra word; cf. अधिकः कारः , पूर्वविप्रतिषेघा न पठितव्या भवन्ति M. Bh. on P.I.3.11.
कारक lit. doer of an action. The word is used in the technical sense ; 1 of ’instrument of action'; cf कारक- शब्दश्च निमित्तपर्यायः । कारकं हेतुरिति नार्था- न्तरम् । कस्य हेतुः । क्रियायाः Kāś. on P.I. 4.23: cf. also कारक इति संज्ञानिर्देशः । साधकं निर्वर्तकं कारकसंज्ञं भवति । M.Bh. on P. I. 4.28. The word 'kāraka' in short, means 'the capacity in which a thing becomes instrumental in
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