पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/८१

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XIV. XV. 65 othe truth, honor your teachers”: thus' is the prescription of the text-bookgº for scholars4 (gen.). 17. Let kings protect their sub- jects and punish the wicked: thus is the law not offended (ET pass.). 18. O women, reverence your mothers-in-law. 19. Let not the coachman strike or torment the horses. 20. “Bring the jewels”; thus the two maid-servants were commanded by the queen. 21. Let us with two spoons drop water on the altar. 22. “Let us play with dice for money” (instr.): thus spoke the two warriors (pass.). 23. “To-day let me initiate (imv.) my two sons”: thus says the Brābman. 24. Let the men dig a cistern. Sing. Lesson XV. 199. Verbs, a-conjugation. Present Imperative Middle. The present imperative middle is inflected thus: Dual. Plural. deceive, takas 1. a lábhāi era lúbhāvahāi Ta lábhāmahāi 2. लभस्व ldbhasa लभैथाम् udbhetham लभध्वम् !dbhadhram 3. लभताम् ldbhatam लभेताम् ldbhetam लभन्ताम् ldbhantarma 200. The first persons are really subjunctive forms. The in- flection of the passive imv. is precisely similar; thus, fae, fete, faerah, etc. 201. Nouns in ?. These stems, like many belonging to the consonant-declension, exhibit in their inflection a difference of stem-form: strong, middle, and weak. (For the cases called strong, etc., see Introd., § 87). In the weak cases (except loc. sing.) the stem-final is m?, which in the weakest cases is changed naturally to įr. But as regards the strong cases, the stems of this declension fall into two classes: in the one – which is much the larger, comprising all the nomina agentis, and a few others – the is vriddhied, becoming IT ār; while in the other class, containing Perry, Sanskrit Primer. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®