पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/६२

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति

46 Lesson VIII. 158. Final ve and to remain unchanged before an initial short a, but the pa disappears. Thus, a v vane atra be- comes aa sa vane 'tra; HTTT 29 bhāno atra becomes HTTT SE bhāno "tra. By far the commonest case of final o is where it internal com represents final as (see § 118). rice +*→ ay 159. The final gi or 3 u-element of a diphthong is changed to its corresponding semivowel g y or a before any vowel or

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diphthong, except when the rule of $ 158 would apply. Thus, Te becomes अय् ag, and ऐ di, आय् 09; ओ ० becomes अव ७०, and Hāu, wrę āv. Thus, in internal combination, a-7 ne-a becomes ae naya ; 776-bho-a becomes a bhava; so h- yra nāi-aya yields aprera näy-aya, and HT-a bhāu-aya yields H e bhāv-aya. af comt. 160. In external combination, the resulting semivowel is in gen- Episari eral dropped; and the resulting hiatus remains. Thus, tā gra Peti rane iti becomes 29 fa rana iti (through the intermediate stage garefa vanay iti); Tat gia thāno iti becomes HT afa bhāna iti (through wafafa bhānar iti). The case of final Te is by far the more frequent. See also $ 164. Crew Stay 161. Certain final vowels maintain themselves unchanged be- fore any following vowel. Such are 1. &T, , and qe as dual endings, both of declension and of conjugation; thus, font TE giri nha, HTV7 sẵdhũ atra; là đã phale atra. 9. The final, or only, vowel of an interjection: thus, ho he indra, zwa he agne. m 2 Vocabulary VIII. Verbs (deponents): spring up (mother in loc.). ez arthaya (denom. - arthú- byta bhās (bháşate) speak. ba) yate) ask for (w. two accus.). Amr (mriyate) die. ša īks (iksate) see, behold. zq yat(yatate) strive for(w. dat.). 214 kamp (kámpate) tremble. U yudh (yúdhyate) fight (w. 379 jan (jáyate) be born, arise, instr. of accompaniment). Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®