पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/४७

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson III. 31 OMN les separation 112. Force of cases. 1. The instrumental answers the questions lorst, wherewith? and whereby? and expresses accompaniment, agent, or means. 2. The dative denotes the remoter object, and direction. Cat. It is also used as dativus commodi; very frequently also to denote end or purpose. Sometimes (and oftenest with copula omitted) it is predicative, in the sense of 'makes for, tends toward'. 3. The Abs. ablative answers the question whence ?, and very frequently denotes cause. 4. The genitive is casus adjectivus, denoting all kinds of Gen. belonging (e. g. gen. subjectivus, objectivus, partitivus). 5. The lo- noc. cative denotes the place where, or the time when, an action occurs. It is often used absolutely, in agreement with a participle expressed or understood, as the ablative is used in Latin and the genitive in Greek. Also used as lerininus ad que min. Vocabulary III. faata Verbs, á-class: fra sic (siñcati) drip, drop: 87 iş (iccháti) wish, desire. moisten. aq krs (krşáti) plough. posrj (srjáti) let go; create, faq kşip (kşipáti) hurl, cast, (sprcáti) touch; (in certain throw. connections) wash. feu diç (dicáti) show, point out. a-class: " a prach (prccháti) ask, ask about. Je guh (gúhati, § 101) hide,conceal. fan viç (viçáti) enter. E sad (sidati, § 101) sit. Subst. Masc.: at kata mat. ga kunta spear. ata bāla child, boy. Arvi märga road, way, street. ha megha cloud. IT çara arrow. a hasta band. Nent.: toksetra field. ya dhana money, riches. | लाङ्गले taigala plough. fag vişa poison. Duckis Je sukha fortune' luck, HAPPNAS. Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®