पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/४६

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


30 Lesson III. Lesson III. 107. Verbs. Accented å-class. Roots of this class form their present-stem by adding an accented 7 á to the root, which is not gunated. The inflection of these stems is precisely like that of stems belonging to the preceding class, except as to the position of the accent; thus, fan kşip, present-sten fog kşipá, pres. ind. fautfa ksipāmi, frufe kşipási, faufa kşipáti, etc. 108. Several roots in #? of this class (by the Hindus written with ?) form stems in Tira; e. g., o kr, “strew', fatfa kiráti. The roots in g i and 3 u and 3 ū change those vowels into ra iy and ga uv, respectively, before the class-siga; thus, fə kşi, fufa kşiyáti ; # su, Fafa suvati ; y dhū, yafa dhuváti. 109. For the root is, 'desire', ich is regarded as a substitute in the present-stem; thus, sefa iccháti (f 100, note). . Likewise, #ļ makes its present fa șccháti ; and gg prach, sometimes given as prch, makes yefa prccháti. NO. A number of roots following this class are strengthened in the present by a penultimate nasal; thus, frasic, present ind. fhafa siñcáti. The nasal is always assimilated in class to the following consonant; thus 37 ñ is used before palatals, n before dentals, Ħ m before labials; and å before sibilants and a h. 111. Masculines and Neuters in a, cont'd. a. Masculines : Singular. Dual. Plural. I. देवेन devend देवाभ्याम् decabhyam देवैम् devais D. Qars devāya n n Fauh devebhyas Ab. देवात् deredt G. देवस्य deva8ju देवयोस deputyos देवानाम् decinat L. देवे depe । | ॐ देवेषु decresu b. Neuters follow exactly the declension of masculines in the above cases ; thus, when a phalena, 3 phalaya, etc. ve 2 . Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®