पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/४४

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति

28 Lesson II. Ae 104. Force of cases. 1. The nominative is casus subjectivus. Acc. 2. The accusative is casus objectivus, denoting cbiefly the nearer or direct, sometimes however the more remote, object; sometimes also the terminus ad quem, and extent of time and space. 105. Euphonic combination of vowels. 4. a. 1. अ a or आ @ + अ or आ = आ. e. g. गता अपि gata api = Jarfa gatā pi. ari 2. Form+gi or fi = Ve. e.g. Tal+afaiti= utafagate®ti. atu 3. or + Bu or 3 ü = 0. e. g. MT + 3a uta = mata gato la. ath 4. अ or आ + ऋ? = अर् ar. e. g. महा maha + ऋषिः sih = Hafe: maharşiḥ. 5. अ or आ + ए e or ऐ di = ऐ ai. e. g. गती + एव eva = yaa gatăi 'va. at als 6. or En + o or IT āu = ut āu. e. g. TOT + Turu: oşadhiḥ = oratore: gatāu 'şadhiḥ. 106. It will be the practice everywhere in this work to separate independent words in transliteration, but not in the deva- nāgarī text; and if an initial vowel of a following word has coalesced with a final of the preceding, this will be indicated by an apostrophe – single if the initial vowel be the shorter, double if it be the longer, of the two different initials which in every case of combination yield the same result. To aid the bea ginner, a point • will sometimes be placed, in the devanāgarī, under a long vowel formed by two coalescing vowels; thus, #f4- ATTUTA agninā ’rīņām. cha Verbs, u- class: A gam (gácchati) go. 7 ghrá (ghrair) smell. Vocabulary ll. jayati ? 11s ji (tr. and intr.) conquer, wiry dru run. (dravati the A ni lead, guide. { na yatil vill TI Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®