पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/४०

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


24 Lesson I. Lesson I. 92. Verbs. Present Indicative active. Unaccented a-claws. A number of roots conjugated in this class have medial short a. Inasmuch as “my a is its own guna”, these roots merely add an a to form the present-stem; e. g., a vad, present-stem are váda. The final y a of the stem is lengthened in the three first persons. Dual. Plural. Sing 1. TETfA váděmi 2. afh vádasi 3. azfa vádati Tal vádāvas दथे dathas Tot vádatas CTHA vádāmas ádatha asfa vádanti 93. The ending of the 3rd plur. is properly fat anti; it suffers abbreviation, however, by the loss of its y a, in verbs whose stevi ends in a. 94. As a beavy syllable ending in a consonant cannot be gunated, a root like utą jāv makes its 3rd sing. itafa jóvati; Foro nind makes fpefa nindati, etc. See § 53. midas tecles' 95. Euphonic rule. At the end of a word standing in the final position of a sentence, or alone, H s and I r always become visarja : ḥ; and generally also before a k, a kh, u P, a ph, and before sibilants (ETS, $ #s), whether these stand in the same word, or as initial in the following word; e. g. azad 977 radatas punar becomes always aca: ga: vadataḥ punaḥ. 96. Force of the present. The present indicative signifies 1. Present time. 2. Immediate futurity. 3. Past time, in lively narration (“historical present”). Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®