पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/२०७

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XLV. 191 re are 498. I. Passive. The present-system of the passive has been described; as also the peculiar 3rd pers. sing. used as aor. pass., the past pass. participle in a or 7, and the fut. pass. participles or gerundives. In all other parts of the verb middle forms are used, if necessary, with passive meaning. 499. II. Intensive. The intensive conjugation signifies the intensification or the repetition of the action expressed by the primary conjugation of a root. Forms outside the present-system are too rare to Deed notice here; indeed, even within that system they are by no means common in the later language. Intensives fall into two classes. 500. 1. The verbs of the first class (only act.) form their in- tensive-stem by reduplication, and the reduplicating syllable is strengthened. a. Radical and are reduplicated with , and & with T, 3 and 3 with w; thus, arag, gry, 2017, T7997. b. Sometimes the reduplicating syllable has a final consonant, taken from the end of the root; thus, T T, AHL. c. Sometimes the reduplication is dissyllabic, an i-vowel being inserted after the final consonant of the reduplicating syllable; thus, align: - The model of infection is the present-system of the reduplicating- class, but deviations are not rare; in particular, an & is sometimes inserted between stem and ending. 501. 2. From the intensive-stem as just described may be formed another, formally identical with a passive-stem, by the suffix y. It takes middle inflection, but has no passive value, being used precisely as is the intensive just mentioned. Thus, 751, AHFUN. 502. A few intensives, having lost their value as such, come to be used as presents, and are treated by the native gramwarians as simple roots. Thus Fly, really intensive of Į wake', is assigned to the root-class: pres. Jiufü etc., du. Origh etc.; impf. 1. VETTA, 2. FIT, 3. VETT; du. Atya etc. So 2 2 Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®