पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१९९

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XLIII. 183 simpler root-forms ūt, etc.; and Et makes its strong forms also front F; thus, जुहव or जहाव etc. B. Roots in final consonants. 461. I. With medial vowel capable of guna. 1. forz: Act: Sing. 1. fazia, 2. fawrzy, 3. fatig; du. fafat- fra etc.; pl. fafafzA etc. Mid.: fafaa etc. 2. So from az: aate etc.; 3. from 9: 1. Fif, 2. rty or 58, 3. TTT; du. ददृशिव etc. 462. II. With initial vowel capable of guna. 1. 77: Sing. 1. , 2. refuy, 3. a; du. 1. &fea, 2. TH, 3. uga; pl. 1. &f9A, 2. , 3. TH. 2. 57: Bate etc. 3. The root g, go', also follows this rule, forning gail etc., 3rd. pl. YR 4. makes (see § 448, 5) 2798, utaray ete. 463. III. With initial 75. L, etc.; 72, TC etc. But yg (originally ) makes yan etc. ($ 448,5). 464. IV. With medial 7. 1. FA : Act.: sing. 1. aith or HTA, 2. gray, 3. WATA; du. चक्रमिव etc. id.: चक्रमे etc. Thus all sueb roots beginning with more than one consonant, or with an aspirate, a guttural mute, or E. 465. 2. Roots in general baring medial before a single final consonant, and beginning also with a single consonant which is repeated unchanged in the reduplication — i. e. not an aspirate, a guttural, or ? — contract with the reduplication into one syllable, with as its vowel, in the weak forms; and this is allowed also in 2nd sing. act. wben the union-vowel 7 is taken.* Thus, , 8. que and 9919, w. 92:

  • Several roots not having the forın bere defined are said to

undergo the sanie contraction, most of them optionally. CONSOL Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®