पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१९७

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XLIII. 181 ré strong forms, weaken it in the weak forms; some few even do both. See below. 452. Personal Endings. The perfect-endings are these: Active. Middle 1. a vá má é váhe máhe 2. tha åthus å sé áthe dhvé 3. a átus ús é áte But roots ending in å take au in 1st and 3rd sing. act.; thus, 9, art. 453. Union-vowel. The endings beginning with consonants are in classical Sanskrit usually joined to the base by the union- vowel . The most important rules for the use of 7 are as follows: 1. The 1 of 3rd pl. mid. always has before it. 2. The other endings beginning with consonants, except y, take it in nearly all verbs. But it is rejected throughout (except from © by eight verbs: viz. la 'make', a 'bear', 'go', 27.choose', ç'run', 'hear', 'praise', 'flow'. 3. For its use or omission in 2nd sing. act. the rules are too complicated to be given here. 454. With the union-vowel q a final radical & or & is not combined into &, but becomes y or (if more than one consonant precede) 74; thus, from t fafaa ni-ny-i-va. A. Examples of inflection. A. Roots in final vowels. 455. I. Roots in 7 or . The and û of gunated and vrid- dhied vowels become i and Te before the vowel beginning an ending. See also § 454. Thus, 1. नोः Act.: Sing. 1. निनय or निनाय, 2. निनयिथ or faây, 3. faara; du. 1. fafaia, 2. faalu, 3. famiga ; pl. 1. fatfach, 2. faol, 3. faogh.-- Mid.: Sing. 1. faz, 2. fafvq, 3. 17o; an Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®