पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१४७

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXXII. | 131 OTT महन्त्; बलीयस and बलिष्ठ, to बलिन् or बलवन्त्; साधीयस and साधिष्ठ to साधु. | 340. The following are examples of artificial connections: अन्तिक (near', नेदीयस, नेदिष्ठ; अल्प ‘little', कनीयस, कनिष्ठ (but also अल्पीयस्, अल्पिष्ठ); गुरु ‘heavy', गरीयस, गरिष्ठ; दीर्घ

  • long', द्रोघीयस, द्वाघिष्ठ; प्रशस्य ‘praiseworthy, ‘good', श्रेयस
  • better', श्रेष्ठ ‘best'; प्रिय ‘dear', प्रेयस, प्रेष्ठ; बहु ‘much', भूयस्,

भूयिष्ठ; युवन् ‘young', यवीयस्, यविष्ठ; वृद्ध ‘old', वर्षीयस, व- र्षिष्ठ. ज्यायस् and ज्येष्ठ correspond sometimes to प्रशस्य or साधु, sometimes to वृद्ध. 341. The stems in 17 are inflected like ordinary adjectives in 7, with the fem. in Et; those in STF have a peculiar de- clension, with a strong stem in ईयांस , and fem. ईयसी, for which see § 255. So also FOTOH and HIÆ. | 342. B. The suffixes of secondary derivation are तर and तम. They are of almost unrestricted use. That form of stem is usually taken which appears before an initial consonant of a case-ending. Stems in ## are always unchanged; final 7 and GF become 59 and 3q, after which the a of the suffix becomes [. | Thus, प्रियवाच्, प्रियवाक्तर, °क्तम; धनिन्, धनितर, तम; वि- द्वांस्, विद्वत्तर, “त्तम. | 343. Some stems which are substantives rather than adjectives are found to form derivatives of comparison; thus, मातृतम ‘most motherly', नृतम ‘most manly', गजतम ‘most like an elephant.' 344. Comparison of Adverbs. Adverbs are compared by adding the suffixes in the forms तराम् and तमाम्; thus, सु ‘well', सुत- राम्, सुतमाम्. 345. Construction. With a comparative (and sometimes with other words used in a similar way) the ablative is the regular construction; thus, पुत्रात्कन्या तय प्रेयसो “a daughter is dearer to him than a son; मतिरेव बलाद्रीयसी intellect alone is । come are rer 9॥ Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®