पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१४६

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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


130 Lesson XXXI. XXXII. 02 በ Rik-verses. 13. Krşņa is the eldest of six brothers. 14. Arjuna is the third among the five Pāņdaras. 15. Some think there are eight sorts of marriage (pl.); others, six (model after 2nd sentence in Sanskrit above). 16. Twenty-seren or twenty-eight lunar mansions are mentioned in astronomy. 17. One should consecrate a Brābman in his eighth year, a Kşatriya in his eleventh, a Vāiçya in his twelfth. 18. Two great lights shine in the sky. 19. The teacher, having taught the fifth Rik - verse, recited the sixth. 20. Çākyamuni Buddha died in the eightieth year of his age (life). 21. Sometimes 33 gods are reckoned in the Veda, sometimes 3333. Lesson XXXII. - a acca 337. Comparison of Adjectives. Derivative adjectives baving comparative and superlative meaning -- or often, and more origin- ally, a merely intensive value — are made either (A.) directly from roots (by primary derivation), or (B.) from other derivative or com- pound stems (by secondary derivation). 338. A. The suffixes of primary derivation are up for the comparative, and 38 for the superlative. The root before them is accented, and usually strengthened by guna (if capable of it), or sometimes by nasalization or prolongation. – In classical Sanskrit few such formations are in use; and these attach themselves in meaning mostly to other adjectives from the same root, which seem to be their corresponding positives. In part, however, they are connected with words unrelated to them in derivation. 339. Thus auth and afag (1 faq) attach themselves to क्षिप्र ‘quick'; वरीयस् and वरिष्ठ (1| ‘encompass'), to उरु 'broad'; qtutor and arfag: 'worse' and 'worst’, to the subst. ara; Teth and of28, to UE skilful’; Astor and afer to OTT are Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®