पृष्ठम्:A Sanskrit primer (1901).djvu/१३५

विकिस्रोतः तः
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एतत् पृष्ठम् अपरिष्कृतम् अस्ति


Lesson XXIX. 119 OUI this suffix; thus, JIE, HY ; (4-32) from 5-927; ay from 89-; E from fa-ae. 310. Causals and denominatives in the reject those syllables; thus, प्रचोरयति, प्रचोर्य; प्रताड्य; प्रस्थाप्य; अवघात्य; आनाययति (आ-नी), आनाय्य. But if the root ends in a single consonant and encloses short wbich is not lengthened in the causative, then the gerund of the caus. ends in 72, to distinguish it from the gerund of the simple verb; thus, अव-गम्, ger. अवगम्य; caus. अव- thefa, ger. WTA2. 311. The gerund or absolutive is used generally as logical ad- junct to the subject of a clause. It denotes an action accompanying or (usually) preceding that which is signified by the verb of the clause. (In the later language it is not always confined to the grammatical subject of the clause as an adjunct.) It has thus vir- tually the value of an indeclinable participle, present or past, qual- ifying the actor whose action it describes. Thus, तद् आकर्ण्य छागं त्यक्त्वा स्नात्वा स्वगृहं गतः * having heard this, having abandoned the goat, having bathed, he went to his own bouse”.* 312. The gerunds of some verbs have not much more than prepositional value; thus, HIZTE . having taken’, i. e. with’, like Greek haßwv, čzwv; fit' having released', i.e. 'without', 'except'. 313. Before all gerunds may be used the privative or ; thus, अलब्ध्वा “without having received”; अनाहूय “without having summoned.” son I e mor Vocabulary XXIX. Verbs: 21q acquire, attain, reach. FH + fa (nyásyati) entrust (to 8 + 9 go forth ; die. one's care).

  • Of course the absolutives are often best rendered by relative

clauses, or even by clauses coordinate with the principal clause. Ses 100 se Univ Calif - Digitized by Microsoft ®