विकिस्रोतः तः
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पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


आदिष्ट (1) prescribed for substitution; specified for an operation : cf. सिद्धे तु आदिष्टस्य युड्वचनात् M.Bh. on VI.1. 155; cf. also M. Bh. on VI. 1.I58 Vārt. 3; M. Bh. on IV.3.28 Vār. 5; cf. also आदिष्टाच्चैवाचः पूर्वः M. Bh. on I.1.57; (2) indicated or stated; अादिष्टा इमे वर्णाः.

आदेश (1) substitute as opposed to sthānin, the original. In Pāṇini's grammar there is a very general maxim, possessed of a number of exceptions, no doubt, that 'the substitute behaves like the origi- nal' (स्थानिवदादेशः अनल्विधौ P.I.1.56.); the application of this maxim is called स्थानिवद्भाव; for purposes of this स्थानिवद्भाव the elision (लोप) of a phonetic element is looked upon as a sort of substitute;cf. उपधालेपस्य स्थानिवत्त्वात् Kāś. on P.I.1.58. Gram- marians many times look upon a complete word or a word-base as a substitute for another one, alth- ough only a letter or a syllable in the word is changed into another, as also when a letter or syllable is added to or dropped in a word; cf. पचतु, पचन्तु ... इमेप्यादेशाः । कथम् । अादिश्यते यः स आदेशः । इमे चाप्यादिश्यन्ते । M. Bh. on I.1.56; cf also सर्वे सर्व- पदादेशा दाक्षीपुत्रस्य पाणिनेः M.Bh. on P. I.1.20; cf. also अनागमकानां सागमका आदेशाः M. Bh. on I.1.20: (2) indi- cation, assignment; cf. योयं स्वरादेशः अन्तोदात्तं, वधेराद्युदात्तत्वं, स्वः स्वरितमिति अादेशः R.Pr.I.30-32; cf. also अादेशः उपदेशः com. on Tai.-Prāt. II.20: cf. also अनादेशे अविकारः V.Pr.IV.131, where Uvvaṭa remarks यत्र उदात्तादीनां स्वराणां सन्धौ आदेशो न क्रियते तत्र अविकारः प्रत्येतव्यः । cf. also एकारो विभक्त्यादेशः छन्दसि A.Pr. II.1.2, where ए is pres- cribed as a substitute for a case- affix and त्ये and अस्मे are cited as examples where the acute acent is also prescribed for the substitute ए.

आदेशिन् that for which a substitute is prescribed; the original, sthā- nin: cf. आदेशिानामादेशाः cf. also M. Bh. On P.I.1.56.

आद्य (1) premier; cf. इदमाद्यं पदस्थानं (व्याकरणनामकं ) सिद्धिसोपानपर्वणाम् Vāk. Pad. I.16; (2) preceding as oppo- sed to succeeding (उत्तर); cf. सहाद्यै- र्व्यञ्जनैः V.Pr.I.100 (3) original; cf. आद्यप्रकृतिः परमप्रकृतिः (original base) Bhāṣā Vṛtti. IV.1.93; (4) first, preceding, आद्ये योगे न व्यवाये तिङः स्यु; M.Bh. on III.1-91.

आद्यन्तवत्त्व अाद्यन्तवद्भाव, consideration of a single or solitary letter as the initial or the final one according to requirements for opcrations prescribed for the initial or for the final. Both these notions --the initial and the final-are relative notions, and because they require the presence of an additional letter or letters for the sake of being called initial or final it becomes necessary to prescribe आद्यन्तवद्भाव in the case of a single letter; cf.अाद्यन्त- वदेकस्मिन् । आदौ इव अन्त इव एकस्मिन्नपि कार्यं भवति । यथा कर्तव्यमित्यत्र प्रत्ययाद्युदात्तत्वं भवति एवमौपगवमित्यत्रापि यथा स्यात् । Kāś. on P.I.1.21 ; cf. also अाद्यन्तवच्च । अपृक्तस्य आदिवदन्तवच्च कार्यं भवति । T. Pr. I.55. This अाद्यन्तवद्भाव of Pāṇini is, in fact, a specific application of the general maxim known as vyapadeśivadbhāva by virtue of which "an operation which affects something on account of some special designation, which for certain reasons attaches to the letter, affects likewise that which stands alone;" cf. Pari.Śek. Pari. 30.

आद्युदात्त a word beginning with an acute-accent i.e. which has got the first vowel accented acute: words in the vocative case and words