पृष्ठम्:ADictionaryOfSanskritGrammarByMahamahopadhyayaKashinathVasudevAbhyankar.djvu/६९

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पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्


आतिशायिक
आदिवृद्धि
53

बाध्येत. M. Bh. on I.2.1.; cf. also अातिदेशिकमनित्यम् Par.Śek. Pari. 93.6.

आतिशायिक a tad-affix in the sense of excellence; a term applied to the affixes तम and इष्ठ as also तर and ईयस् prescribed by Pāṇini by the rules अतिशायने तमबिष्ठनौ and द्विवचन- विभज्योपपदे तरबीयसुनौ cf. P.V.3.55, 57. This superlative affix is seen doub- ly applied sometimes in Vedic Lit. eg.श्रेष्ठतमाय कर्मणे Yaj. Saṁ. I.1; cf. also तदन्ताच्च स्वार्थे छन्दसि दर्शनं श्रेष्ठतमायेति P.V.3.55 Vārt.3.

आतिशायिकान्त a word ending with an atisāyika affix; cf. अातिदायिकान्तात्स्वार्थे छन्दसि आतिशायिको दृश्यते M. Bh. on V. 3.55.

आत्त्व the substitution of long अा prescribed by the term अात् as in आदेच उपदेशेऽशिति and the following cf. P. VI.1.45 etc.

आत्मन् agent or Kaṛtr as in the terms अात्मनेपद or अात्मनेभाषा, cf. सुप आत्मनः क्यच् III. 1.8.

आत्मनेपद a technical term for the affixes called तड् (त, आताम् etc.) and the affix अान ( शानच् , चानश्, कानच् ), called so possibly because, the fruit of the activity is such as generally goes to the agent (आत्मने) when these affixes are used. Con- trast this term (Ātmanepada) with the term Parasmaipada when the fruit is meant for another. For an explanation of the terms see P. VI.3.7 and 8.

अात्मनेपदिन् a root which always takes the Ātmanepada affixes. (See above).

अात्मनेभाष a technical term used for such roots as speak for the agent himself; the term अात्मनेभाष means the same as the term अात्मनेपदिन्. The term अात्मनेभाष is not mention- ed by Pāṇini; but the writer of the Vārtikas explains it, cf. आत्मने-

भाषपरस्मैभाषयोरुपसंख्यानम् P. VI.3.7 and 8 Vārt. 1; cf. also आत्मनेपदिनश्च धातवो वैयाकरणैरात्मनेभाषशब्देन व्यवह्रियन्ते,Kaiyaṭa on VI.3.7.The term is found in the Atharva-Prātiśākhya. III. 4.7. It cannot be said whether the term came in use after Pāṇini or, although earlier, it belonged to some school other than that of Pāṇini or, Pāṇini put into use the terms Ātmane- pada and Parasmaipada for the affixes as the ancient terms Ātman- ebhāṣa and Parasmaibhāṣa were in use for the roots.

अात्व the substitution of अा; e.g. तादृक्, भवादृक्, अन्यादृक् cf. आ सर्वनाम्नः P.VI.3. 90.

आत्वत् possessed of the vowel आ; containing the vowel आ; e.g पाकः, दायः etc. cf. कर्षात्वतो घञोन्त उदात्तः P.VI. 1.159.

आदादिक belonging to the second con- jugation or class of roots which begins with the root अद्; cf. दैवादि- कस्यैव ग्रहणं भविष्यति नादादिकस्य Pur.Pari. 67.

अादि (1) commencement, initial: cf. अपूर्वलक्षण आदिः M.Bh. on I.1.21, (2) of the kind of, similar; एवंप्रक्रारः.

आदिकर्मन् commencement of an action; cf. आदिभूतः क्रियाक्षणः अदिकर्म Kāś. on आदिकर्मणि क्तः कर्तरि च । P.III.4.71.

आदित् possessed of the mute indica- tory letter अा signifying the non- application of the augment इ (इट् ) to the past-pass. part. term क्त. e. g. क्ष्विण्ण from the root ञिक्ष्विदाः simi- larly खिन्न, भिन्न etc. cf. आदितश्र P.VII. 2.16.

आदिवृद्धि the Vṛddhi substitute pres- cribed for the first vowel of a word to which a tad-affix, marked with the mute letter ञ्,ण्, or क् is added; e.g. औपगव, दाक्षि etc.; cf. तद्धितेष्वचामादेः P.VII.2.117, 118.