i. e. after the original by vir- tue of the convention आगन्तू- नामन्ते निवेशः, although in fact, it is said to possess the sense of the root in contrast with the first which is called abhyāsa.A nice distinction can, however be drawn between the four kinds of adventi- tious wordings found in grammar viz.आगन्तु, इत्, अभ्यास and आगम which can be briefly stated as follows; The former two do not form a regular part of the word and are not found in the actual use of the word; besides, they do not possess any sense, while the latter two are found in actual use and they are possessed of sense. Again the agantu word is simply used for facility of understanding exactly and correctly the previous word which is really wanted; the इत् wording, besides serving this pur- pose, is of use in causing some grammatical operations. अभ्यास, is the first part of the wording which is wholly repeated and it possesses no sense by itself, while, āgama which is added to the word either at the beginning or at the end or inserted in the middle, forms a part of the word and possesses the sense of the word.
आगम augment, accrement, a word element which is added to the primitive or basic word during the process of the formation of a com- plete word or pada. The āgama is an adventitious word element and hence differs from ādeśa, the substitute which wholly takes the place of the original or ( आदेशिन् ). Out of the several āgamas men- tioned by Pāṇini, those that are marked with mute ट् are prefixed, those, marked with क्, are affixed, while those, marked with म्, are
placed immediately after the last vowel of the word. The aug- ments become a part and parcel of the word to which they are added, and the characteristics of which they possess;cf.यदागमास्तद्गुणी- भूतास्तद्ग्रहणेन गृह्यन्ते, also आगमानां आगमि- धर्मिवैशिष्ट्यम् Par. Śek. Pari.11. Those grammarians, who hold the view that words are unproduced and eternal, explain the addition of an augment as only the substitution of a word with an augment in the place of a word without an aug- ment; cf. आदेशास्तर्हिमे भविष्यन्ति अनाग- मकानां सागमकाः M. Bh. on I.1.20; I.1.46. The term āgama is defined as अन्यत्र विद्यमानस्तु यो वर्णः श्रुयतेधिकः । आगम्यमानतुल्यत्वात्स आगम इति स्मृतः Com. on Tait. Prāt.I. 23.
अागमिन् a base to which an augment is added; cf. एवमपि पञ्च अागमास्त्रय आगमिनः M.Bh.I.1. Āhnika 2.
आगर्वीय a class of roots forming a subdivision of the Curādigaṇa or the tenth conjugation beginning with पद् and ending with गर्व् which are only ātmanepadin; e.g. पदयते, मृगयते, अर्थयते, गर्वयते.
आगस्त्य name of an ancient writer of Vedic grammar and Prātiśākhya works; cf. R. Pr.I.2.
अाग्रायण an ancient scholar of Nirukta quoted by Yāska cf. अक्षि अष्टेः । अनक्तेरिति आग्रायणः Nir. I.9.
अाङ् the preposition आ. See the word आ above.
अाङ्ग an operation prescribed in the section, called aṅgādhikāra, in the the Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini, made up of five Pādas consisting of the fourth quarter of the 6th adhyāya and all the four quarters of the seventh adhyāya. आङ्गात् पूर्वं विकरणा एषितव्याः M. Bh on I.3.60 Vārt.