उपस्कार, उपपद, प्रातिपदिक, विभक्ति, उपसर्जन, समास, पद, वाक्य, प्रकरण and प्रबन्ध; cf. Sringara Prakasa I.
शब्दकौस्तुभ a treatise on grammar, critically explaining and discuss ing the meaning of Panini's Sutras in the order of the author himself. the work is written by Bhattoji Diksita and is mainly based on the Mahabhasya.
शब्दकौस्तुभगुण a short gloss on Bha- ttoji's Sabdakaustubha written by a grammarian named इन्द्रदत्तोपाध्याय.
शब्दकौस्तुभटीका or शब्दकौस्तुभप्रभा a commentary on Bhattoji's Sabda- kaustubha written by Vaidyanatha Payagunde.
शब्द्कौस्तुभव्याख्या a commentary on Bhattoji's Sabdakaustubha, named विषमपदव्याख्या, a name probably given to a commentary written by Nagesa.
शाब्दचन्द्रिकोद्धार name of a commen- tary on the Sarasvata-Vyakarana by Kamsavijaya.
शब्दतत्त्व lit. the essence of a word; the ultimate sense conveyed by the word which is termed स्फोट by the Vaiyakaranas. Philosophically this Sabdatattva or Sphota is the phi- losophical Brahman of the Vedan- tins, which is named as Sabdabra- hma or Nadabrahma by the Vaiy- karanas,and which appears as the Phenomenal world of the basis of its own powers such as time factor and the like; cf. अनादिनिधनं ब्रह्म शब्दतत्वं यदक्षरम् ! विवर्ततेर्थभावेन प्रक्रिया जगतो यतः ॥ Vakyapadiya, I.1; cf. also Vakyapadiya II.31.
शब्ददीपिका name of a commentary on the Mugdhabodha Vyakarana by Govindarama.
शब्दद्योत्यत्व the indicatory power to show the sense; the word is used in connection with the potentiality
to convey the sense possessed by the Nipatas.
शब्दनित्यत्व the doctrine of the Vaiya- karanas as also of the Mimam- sakas that word is permanent, as contrasted with that of tha Naiya- yikas who advocate the imperman- ence of words.
शब्द्परविप्रतिषेध cl,. comparatively sup- erior strength possessed by a word, which in the text of a particular sutra is later than another word, which is put in earlier in the Sutra. This शब्दपरविप्रतिषेधे is contrast- ed with the standard शास्त्रपरविप्रतिषेध which is laid down by Panini in his rule विप्रतिषेधे परं कार्यम् and which lays down the superior strength of that rule which is put by Panini later on in his Astadhyayi; e. g. in the rule विभाषा गमहनविदविशाम्,it is not the word हन् although occuring earlier, but the word विश् occuring later in the rule, which helps us to decide which विद् should be taken. cf.ज्ञानार्तस्य सत्यपि विदरूपत्वे अर्थस्य भेदकत्वेन रूपवदाश्रयणात्प्रतिषेधाभावः । यद्यपि हन्तिना साहचर्ये विदेरस्ति तथापि शब्दपरविप्रतिषेधाद् विशिर्व्यवस्थाहेतुर्न हान्तिः । Kaiyata on P. VII.2.18;cf. also, P.VI.1.158 V.12.
शब्दप्रभा name of a commentary on Bhartrhari's Vakyapadiya which is available only on the first Kanda.
शब्दपारायण recital or enumeration of one word after another in a language; cf. ब्रुहस्पतरिन्द्राय दिव्यं वर्षसहस्रं प्रतिपदोक्तानां शब्दानां शब्दपारायणं प्रोवाच नान्तं जगाम M.Bh. Ahnika I.
शब्दप्रयोग use of a word in the spoken language which forms in a way the basis of grammar.
शाब्दबोधप्रक्रिया a grammar treatise on the denotation and relation of words written by a grammarian ramed Ramakrsna.